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Create monopole antenna over rectangular ground plane


The monopole object is a monopole antenna mounted over a rectangular ground plane.

The width of the monopole is related to the diameter of an equivalent cylindrical monopole by the equation


, where:

  • d is the diameter of equivalent cylindrical monopole

  • r is the radius of equivalent cylindrical monopole.

For a given cylinder radius, use the cylinder2strip utility function to calculate the equivalent width. The default monopole is center-fed. The feed point coincides with the origin. The origin is located on the xy- plane.



mpl = monopole creates a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna.


mpl = monopole(Name,Value) creates a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna with additional properties specified by one or more name-value pair arguments. Name is the property name and Value is the corresponding value. You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1, Value1, ..., NameN, ValueN. Properties not specified retain their default values.


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Height of vertical element along z-axis, specified as a scalar in meters. By default, the height is chosen for an operating frequency of 75 MHz.

Example: 'Height',3

Data Types: double

Monopole width, specified as a scalar in meters.


Monopole width should be less than 'Height'/4 and greater than 'Height'/1001. [2]

Example: 'Width',0.05

Data Types: double

Ground plane length along x-axis, specified as a scalar in meters. Setting 'GroundPlaneLength' to Inf, uses the infinite ground plane technique for antenna analysis.

Example: 'GroundPlaneLength',4

Data Types: double

Ground plane width along y-axis, specified as a scalar in meters. Setting 'GroundPlaneWidth' to Inf, uses the infinite ground plane technique for antenna analysis.

Example: 'GroundPlaneWidth',2.5

Data Types: double

Signed distance from center along length and width of ground plane, specified as a two-element vector.

Example: 'FeedOffset',[2 1]

Data Types: double

Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material object. You can choose any metal from the MetalCatalog or specify a metal of your choice. For more information, see metal. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see Meshing.

Example: m = metal('Copper'); 'Conductor',m

Example: m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor = m

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object for the load created using lumpedElement.

Example: mpl.Load = lumpedElement('Impedance',75)

Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: Tilt=90

Example: Tilt=[90 90],TiltAxis=[0 1 0;0 1 1] tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the vectors.


The wireStack antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

  • Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

  • Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.

  • A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.

For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: TiltAxis=[0 1 0]

Example: TiltAxis=[0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: TiltAxis = 'Z'

Data Types: double

Object Functions

showDisplay antenna, array structures or shapes
infoDisplay information about antenna or array
axialRatioAxial ratio of antenna
beamwidthBeamwidth of antenna
chargeCharge distribution on antenna or array surface
currentCurrent distribution on antenna or array surface
designDesign prototype antenna or arrays for resonance around specified frequency
efficiencyRadiation efficiency of antenna
EHfieldsElectric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays
impedanceInput impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array
meshMesh properties of metal, dielectric antenna, or array structure
meshconfigChange mesh mode of antenna structure
optimizeOptimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer
patternRadiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array
patternAzimuthAzimuth pattern of antenna or array
patternElevationElevation pattern of antenna or array
rcsCalculate and plot radar cross section (RCS) of platform, antenna, or array
returnLossReturn loss of antenna; scan return loss of array
sparametersCalculate S-parameter for antenna and antenna array objects
vswrVoltage standing wave ratio of antenna


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Create and view a monopole of 1 m length, 0.01 m width and ground plane of dimensions 2.5mx2.5m.

m = monopole('GroundPlaneLength',2.5,'GroundPlaneWidth',2.5)
m = 
  monopole with properties:

               Height: 1
                Width: 0.0100
    GroundPlaneLength: 2.5000
     GroundPlaneWidth: 2.5000
           FeedOffset: [0 0]
            Conductor: [1x1 metal]
                 Tilt: 0
             TiltAxis: [1 0 0]
                 Load: [1x1 lumpedElement]


Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title monopole antenna element, xlabel x (m), ylabel y (m) contains 4 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent PEC, feed.

Radiation pattern of a monopole at a frequency of 75 MHz.

m = monopole('GroundPlaneLength',2.5, 'GroundPlaneWidth',2.5);
pattern (m,75e6)

Figure contains an axes object and other objects of type uicontrol. The axes object contains 4 objects of type patch, surface.


[1] Balanis, C.A. Antenna Theory. Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed. New York: Wiley, 2005.

[2] Volakis, John. Antenna Engineering Handbook, 4th Ed. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, 2007.

Version History

Introduced in R2015a