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Create discone antenna

Since R2019b


The discone object creates a discone antenna that consists of a circular disc and a cone whose apex approaches the center of the disc. A small gap exists between the disc and the cone through which the feed is connected.

A discone antenna is an omnidirectional vertically polarized antenna. This antenna has an exceptionally large coverage, offering a frequency range ratio of up to 10:1 between the upper cutoff frequency and the lower cutoff frequency. The discone antenna wideband coverage makes it useful in commercial, military, amateur radio, and radio scanner applications.




ant = discone creates a discone antenna with dimensions for a resonant frequency of 2.12 GHz. The default discone has a feed point at the center of the disc.


ant = discone(Name,Value) sets properties using one or more name-value pairs. For example, ant = discone('Height',1) creates a discone antenna with a cone of height 1 meter.


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Vertical height of the cone from the center of the lower base of the cone to the center of the upper base of the cone, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.

Example: 'Height',1

Example: ant.Height = 1

Data Types: double

Radii of the cone consisting of the broad radius and the narrow radius, specified as a vector with each element unit in meters. The first element of the vector is the narrow radius, and the second element of the vector is the broad radius.

Example: 'ConeRadii',[6.3300e-04 0.0546]

Example: ant.ConeRadii = [6.3300e-04 0.0546]

Data Types: double

Radius of the disc, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.

Example: 'DiscRadius',0.0050

Example: ant.DiscRadius = 0.050

Data Types: double

Gap between the cone and the disc, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.

Example: 'FeedHeight',0.0034

Example: ant.FeedHeight = 0.0034

Data Types: double

Width of the feed, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.

Example: 'FeedWidth',0.0050

Example: ant.FeedWidth = 0.0050

Data Types: double

Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material object. You can choose any metal from the MetalCatalog or specify a metal of your choice. For more information, see metal. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see Meshing.

Example: m = metal('Copper'); 'Conductor',m

Example: m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor = m

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object. You can add a load anywhere on the surface of the antenna. By default, the load is at the feed. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object for the load created using lumpedElement.

Example: ant.Load = lumpedElement('Impedance',75)

Tilt angle of the antenna in degrees, specified as a scalar or vector. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: 90

Example: Tilt=[90 90],TiltAxis=[0 1 0;0 1 1] tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the vectors.

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as one of these values:

  • Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the x-, y-, and z-axes.

  • Two points in space, specified as a 2-by-3 matrix corresponding to two three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points.

  • "x", "y", or "z" to describe a rotation about the x-, y-, or z-axis, respectively.

For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: [0 1 0]

Example: [0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: "Z"

Data Types: double | string

Object Functions

axialRatioCalculate and/or plot axial ratio of antenna or array
bandwidthCalculate and/or plot absolute bandwidth of antenna
beamwidthBeamwidth of antenna
chargeCharge distribution on antenna or array surface
coneangle2sizeCalculates equivalent cone height, broad radius, and narrow radius
currentCurrent distribution on antenna or array surface
designDesign prototype antenna or arrays for resonance around specified frequency or create AI-based antenna from antenna catalog objects
efficiencyRadiation efficiency of antenna
EHfieldsElectric and magnetic fields of antennas or embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays
impedanceInput impedance of antenna or scan impedance of array
infoDisplay information about antenna, array, or platform
memoryEstimateEstimate memory required to solve antenna or array mesh
meshMesh properties of metal, dielectric antenna, or array structure
meshconfigChange meshing mode of antenna, array, custom antenna, custom array, or custom geometry
optimizeOptimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer
patternPlot radiation pattern and phase of antenna or array or embedded pattern of antenna element in array
patternAzimuthAzimuth plane radiation pattern of antenna or array
patternElevationElevation plane radiation pattern of antenna or array
rcsCalculate and plot monostatic and bistatic radar cross section (RCS) of platform, antenna, or array
resonantFrequencyCalculate and/or plot resonant frequency of antenna
returnLossReturn loss of antenna or scan return loss of array
showDisplay antenna, array structures, shapes, or platform
sparametersCalculate S-parameters for antennas and antenna arrays
vswrVoltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) of antenna or array element


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Create and view a default discone antenna.

ant = discone;

Plot the radiation pattern of the antenna at 2.09 GHz.


Create and view a discone antenna with specific dimensions.

ant = discone('Height',0.0925,'ConeRadii',[0.666e-3 53.2e-3],...

Calculate the impedance of the antenna over the frequency span of 500 MHz to 3 GHz and plot the S-parameters.


s = sparameters(ant,linspace(0.5e9,3e9,51));

Plot the radiation pattern of the antenna at 1.7 GHz.



[1] Verma, Saritha, Abhilash Mehta, and Rukhsana Khan. "Analysis of Variation of Various Parameters on Design of Discone Antenna." Advanced Computational Techniques in Electromagnetics. Volume 2012, 2012, pp.1-5.

Version History

Introduced in R2019b