# dipoleVee

Create V-dipole antenna

## Description

The dipoleVee object is a planar V-dipole antenna in the X-Y plane.

The width of the dipole is related to the circular cross-section by the equation

$w=2d=4r$

, where:

• d is the diameter of equivalent cylindrical pole

• r is the radius of equivalent cylindrical pole

For a given cylinder radius, use the cylinder2strip utility function to calculate the equivalent width. The V-dipole antenna is bent around the feed point. The default V-dipole is center-fed and is in the X-Y plane. The feed point of the V-dipole antenna coincides with the origin.

## Creation

### Description

dv = dipoleVee creates a half-wavelength V-dipole antenna.

example

dv = dipoleVee(Name,Value) creates a half-wavelength V-dipole antenna, with additional properties specified by one or more name-value pair arguments. Name is the property name and Value is the corresponding value. You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1, Value1, ..., NameN, ValueN. Properties not specified retain their default values.

## Properties

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Length of two arms, specified as a two-element vector in meters. By default, the arm lengths are chosen for an operating frequency of 75 MHz.

Example: 'ArmLength',[1,3]

Data Types: double

V-dipole arm width, specified as a scalar in meters.

Note

Dipole width should be less than Total Arm Length/5 and greater than Total Arm Length/1001. [2]

Example: 'Width',0.05

Data Types: double

Angle made by two arms about X-Y plane, specified as a two-element vector in degrees.

Example: 'ArmElevation',[55 35]

Data Types: double

Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material object. You can choose any metal from the MetalCatalog or specify a metal of your choice. For more information, see metal. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see Meshing.

Example: m = metal('Copper'); 'Conductor',m

Example: m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor = m

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object handle. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object handle for the load created using lumpedElement.

Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: 'Tilt',90

Example: ant.Tilt = 90

Example: 'Tilt',[90 90],'TiltAxis',[0 1 0;0 1 1] tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the vectors.

Note

The wireStack antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

• Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

• Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.

• A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 1 0]

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: ant.TiltAxis = 'Z'

Note

The wireStack antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: double

## Object Functions

 show Display antenna or array structure; display shape as filled patch info Display information about antenna or array axialRatio Axial ratio of antenna beamwidth Beamwidth of antenna charge Charge distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface current Current distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface design Design prototype antenna or arrays for resonance at specified frequency efficiency Radiation efficiency of antenna EHfields Electric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays impedance Input impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array mesh Mesh properties of metal or dielectric antenna or array structure meshconfig Change mesh mode of antenna structure optimize Optimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer pattern Radiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array patternAzimuth Azimuth pattern of antenna or array patternElevation Elevation pattern of antenna or array returnLoss Return loss of antenna; scan return loss of array sparameters S-parameter object vswr Voltage standing wave ratio of antenna

## Examples

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Create and view a center-fed V-dipole that has 50 degree arm angles .

dv = dipoleVee('ArmElevation',[50 50])
dv =
dipoleVee with properties:

ArmLength: [1 1]
ArmElevation: [50 50]
Width: 0.1000
Conductor: [1x1 metal]
Tilt: 0
TiltAxis: [1 0 0]

show(dv)

Calculate the impedance of a V-dipole antenna over the frequency range of 50 MHz - 100 MHz.

dv = dipoleVee('ArmElevation',[50 50]);
impedance(dv,linspace(50e6,100e6,51))

## References

[1] Balanis, C.A. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design. 3rd Ed. New York: Wiley, 2005.

[2] Volakis, John. Antenna Engineering Handbook. 4th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007.