# why the subtraction gives the wrong ans.?

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Sultan Mehmood on 16 Jul 2019
Answered: Kiran Kintali on 7 Feb 2023
y=uint16(22);
>> Z=uint16(164);
>> S=y-Z
S =
0
how i get an ans = -142
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Shashank Sharma on 16 Jul 2019
Edited: Shashank Sharma on 16 Jul 2019
You are using uint all such integers are unsigned.
You cannot store negative numbers in a uint type.

Shashank Sharma on 16 Jul 2019
If you want to store negative it is better to convert it to int16.
This makes it possible to store negative integers.
The format is Y = int16(X);

Walter Roberson on 16 Jul 2019
double(y) - double(Z)
You could also get away with
int32(y) - int32(Z)
However, int16(y) - int16(Z) will not work reliably: it will have problems if any of the entries exceed 32767.

Kiran Kintali on 7 Feb 2023
Integers in MATLAB have Saturation behaviors.
To avoid saturation behavior of Integers when using MATLAB Code, you may need to consider the following code generation options or consider using fixed-point math for finer control on the numerics.
By default (and when the "Saturation on integer overflow" is checked in MATLAB coder settings), when an arithmetic operation involving integers exceeds the maximum or minimum value, the result is set to the maximum or minimum value. This is known as "saturation"
For example, if we consider 8-bit signed integers with a maximum value of 127 and a minimum value of -128:
>> x = int8(127) + 1
x =
int8
127
>> x = int8(-128) - 1
x =
int8
-128
>> x = int8(-128) - 8
x =
int8
-128
When the "Saturation on integer overflow" property is unchecked, then any amount that overflows or exceeds the maximum or minimum value is wrapped around to the opposite extreme. This is known as "wrapping". For example:
>> x = int8(127) + 1
x =
int8
-128
>> x = int8(-128) - 1
x =
int8
127
>> x = int8(-128) - 8
x =
int8
120
Please note that this checkbox applies only to MATLAB code generation, and not to executing MATLAB files or executing MATLAB commands in the Command Window. For more information regarding this behavior, see the following documentation:

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