"Undefined variable" error even though variable is defined

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I'm using part of a code I borrowed from @imageanalyst where I'm trying to run through frames of a video to look at how the intensity changes over time. I'd like to perform a background subtraction with the code below
if frame1 == 1
Background1 = thisFrame1;
else
for t=1:frame1
% Change background slightly at each frame
Background1 = (1-alpha1)* thisFrame1 + alpha1 * Background1;
end
end
I get an error stating:
"Unrecognized function or variable 'Background1'.
Background1 = (1-alpha1)* thisFrame1 + alpha1 * Background1;"
even though I have the function defined. when I run the same line of code with a different file, it works fine, even though they're the same file type. any idea as to why this is happening? thanks!
  1 Comment
Stephen23
Stephen23 on 22 Feb 2024
Edited: Stephen23 on 22 Feb 2024
""Undefined variable" error even though variable is defined"
But is it really defined? On the first loop iteration, what value does Background1 have?

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Accepted Answer

Steven Lord
Steven Lord on 23 Feb 2024
I'm guessing that you want to initialize Background1 when t is equal to 1 and to use the formula to update Background1 when t is greater than 1. In that case:
for t=1:frame1
if t == 1
Background1 = thisFrame1;
else
% Change background slightly at each frame
Background1 = (1-alpha1)* thisFrame1 + alpha1 * Background1;
end
end
Except that when t is 2, Background1 will be (1-alpha1)*thisFrame1 + alpha1*thisFrame1 = thisFrame1 (assuming there's no code later in the for loop after the if / else block that changes Background1. So perhaps if you describe in more detail what you want to do we can suggest some modifications to your code to achieve your goal.

More Answers (1)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 23 Feb 2024
if frame1 == 1
Background1 = thisFrame1;
else
This does not define Background1 if frame1 ~= 1
  4 Comments
LaraS
LaraS on 23 Feb 2024
Edited: LaraS on 23 Feb 2024
I actually tried correcting that while debugging (after posting this), but that didn't seem to help. Essentially what I'm trying to do is have the code update and adapt the background to each frame while it's running. It's really odd because it was running fine before when I was only running one video file. But I'm trying to update the script to run multiple files but it just throws this error about the undefined function now
DGM
DGM on 23 Feb 2024
Well without knowing what the code or process is, there really isn't much I can suggest.

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