why setdiff have time longer than for ?

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*hi,
Itried to make my code be faster , so i used setdiff instead of a part in my code
I used:*
v=(1:18);
buf=setdiff(v,unique_x);
relevant_item(ttt(i),1:length(buf))=buf;
*instead of *
for v=1:18
b2=find(unique_x==v);
if isempty(b2)
relevant_item(ttt(i),h)=v;
h=h+1;
end
end
*why the running time of this part is less than of setdiff?
thanks*

Accepted Answer

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 12 May 2013
setdiff() essentially has to sort each time -- or at least to check if the set is ordered.
Are the unique_x restricted to being in the allowed range for v, 1:18 ? If so, then how about
buf = 1:10;
buf(unique_x) = [];
relevant_item(ttt(i),1:length(buf))=buf;
  3 Comments
Jan
Jan on 15 May 2013
@huda: Look into the code of setdiff. You find the relevant part in the fast MEX function ismembc2, which expects pre-sorted data. So sort your data explicitly, call this function and use the replied indices. Note that ismembc2 is not documented, but you find enough information about it in the net.

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