How to create a graph

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John
John on 1 Oct 2012
Hi,
Could somebody advise me on how you would produce a graph like this in matlab
Thank you
  1 Comment
Azzi Abdelmalek
Azzi Abdelmalek on 1 Oct 2012
plot a graph from what?

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Accepted Answer

per isakson
per isakson on 1 Oct 2012
Edited: per isakson on 31 Oct 2012
My approach, which requires some work,
  • put data in a 2D array, C
  • plot with the function, image
  • Image type: Indexed (colormap)
  • Define a colormap, with a special slot, e.g. 1, for "missing data", white in your case. The length of the colormap = 64 is enough.
  • Map C carefully to the colormap, e.g. C(ii,jj)=1 for "missing data"
  • User defined tick-labels on the axes
  • and more
--- in response to comments I try to expand a bit ---
Variables
  • cmap is a colormap of size [64x3]. It associates the numbers [1,2,..., 64] to 64 different colors. (64 is an example.)
  • D is your 2D data array
  • C is an array of the same size as D. The values of C are integers in the interval, [1,64].
You create a suitable colormap, cmap, with the colormapeditor. You add some specific colors to signal special values of D, e.g. "missing data", outliers of various kinds etc.
You define a function, which takes D as input and returns C, e.g.
function C = D2C( D )
C = zeros( size(D) ); % zeros will cause error if not replaced
C( isnan(D) ) = 1; % nans will e displayed with color #1
C( D >= upper ) = 2; % values above upper gets color #2
C( D <= lower ) = 3; % values below lower gets color #3
etc.
any command is ok as long as the values of C are integers [1,64]
assert( not( any( C(:)==0 ) ), .... )
end
and to display the graph
colormap( cmap )
image( C )
.
--- in response to John's comment on 19 Oct 2012 at 16:45 ---
Here is a start to make a graph that resembles https://dl.dropbox.com/u/54057365/All/eff.JPG
%%Create some data
N = 1000;
Speed = transpose( logspace( 0, 2, N ) );
Acc = randn( N, 1 ) .* ( exp( - sqrt( 10*Speed/N ) ) );
Efficiency = ( Acc .* Speed );
nAccBins = 20; % Set resolution of image
nSpeedBins = 30;
Speed_upper = 100;
Speed_lower = 0;
Acc_upper = 3;
Acc_lower = -3;
ix_Speed = ceil( nSpeedBins * ( Speed - Speed_lower ) ...
/ ( Speed_upper - Speed_lower ) );
ix_Acc = ceil( nAccBins * ( Acc - Acc_lower ) ...
/ ( Acc_upper - Acc_lower ) );
M = accumarray( { ix_Speed, ix_Acc }, Efficiency, [], @mean, nan );
imh = imagesc( transpose( M ) );
axh = ancestor ( imh, 'Axes' );
set( axh, 'YDir', 'normal' )
Next step would be to map M to a special colormap with something like
C = D2C( M );
and display with
colormap( cmap )
image( C )
.
Backlog:
  • axis, ticks and ticklabels
  • colorbar
  8 Comments
per isakson
per isakson on 31 Oct 2012
See above

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More Answers (1)

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 1 Oct 2012
You would create an image - basically a 2D array. You must have that. If you don't have that, then you have nothing at all to display. Then display it with image() or imshow(), and apply a colormap. Not hard at all, assuming you have the data, temperature vs. current, in a 2D array already.
  1 Comment
John
John on 15 Oct 2012
Hello,
Thanks for your reply. I'm sorry but I don't understand how to get the colours to appear correctly.
This is what I am getting
but this is what I'm trying to achieve
Also how do you switch the axis?
Thank you for your help

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