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How can I find RGB values of a matrix of coordinates of an image?

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Hi,
I'm trying to pull the RGB values from a list of (x,y) coordinates that are centers of circles. My plan was to get the matrix of each component (r, g, and b) this way:
P = imread('image'); ...
x = centers(:, 1);
y = centers(:, 2);
rcenters = P(round(x), round(y), 1);
x is a 668 x 1 matrix, and so is y, so I was hoping rcenters would be 668 x 2, but instead it's 668 x 668, which does not make sense to me. I had to round the x and y coordinates to the nearest integer so that it would have integer indices.
How could I get it to return a 668 x 2 matrix with the R value of the x coordinate in column 1 and the R value of the y coordinate in column 2?
Thanks in advance!

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Accepted Answer

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 22 Jul 2019
(x,y) is NOT (row, column) -- it's (column, row). You've made a very common beginner mistake. Put y first -- P(y, x)
x = round(centers(:, 1));
y = round(centers(:, 2));
rgbValues = zeros(length(x), 3)
counter = 1;
for col = 1 : length(y)
for row = 1 : length(x)
rgbValues(counter, :) = P(y(row), x(col), :);
counter = counter + 1;
end
end

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Eric Martz
Eric Martz on 22 Jul 2019
Whoops, I even knew that and forgot to put y first, sorry.
So the matrix resulting from this gave a 446224 x 3 matrix. How could I extract the rgb value of each point (x,y) then?
Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 23 Jul 2019
Did you see this line in the code:
rgbValues(counter, :) = P(y(row), x(col), :);
That gives you the RGB values. Red is column1, green is col2 and blue is col3.
Eric Martz
Eric Martz on 23 Jul 2019
I figured it out. I edited the code to make this:
x = round(centers(:, 1));
y = round(centers(:, 2));
rgbValues = zeros(length(x), 3);
counter = 1;
for row = 1 : length(x)
rgbValues(counter, :) = P(round(centers(row, 2)), round(centers(row, 1)), :);
counter = counter + 1;
end
pts = [x, y];
rgb = horzcat(rgbValues, pts);
The issue with the code you provided was that it gave the rgb value of every possible combination of every x and y coordinate instead of just the x and y coordinates that went together.

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More Answers (2)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 23 Jul 2019
rcenters = P( sub2ind(size(P), y, x, ones(size(y))) );

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Akira Agata
Akira Agata on 23 Jul 2019
Another possible solution:
row = round(centers(:, 1));
col = round(centers(:, 2));
R = arrayfun(@(x,y) P(x,y,1),row,col);
G = arrayfun(@(x,y) P(x,y,2),row,col);
B = arrayfun(@(x,y) P(x,y,3),row,col);

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