What exactly is stored in the tdata.T parameter of the output of maketform?
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Trethyn Trethyn on 24 May 2021
Commented: Trethyn Trethyn on 27 May 2021
So I'm looking at some Matlab code that was written in 2012, so slightly out of date. In it there is a section where the author uses maketform, and then acesses tform.tdata.T:
T = maketform('affine',U,X);
t = T.tdata.T;
I'm trying to update this, so I looked up maketform to try and ascertain what exactly t will now ctdatontain, and I may just be entirely blind, but I couldn't find anything on it. I would guess from the name that it might be a transposition of the matrix? Uncertain however, and I have little experience with how Matlab looked in 2012. Any help or clarification you could give would be greatly appreciated! Thanks :).
Uday Pradhan on 27 May 2021
An affine transformation is described in mathematical form as:
Here, [x y] are the transformed coordinates while [w z] are the original coordinates. The T matrix (also called the Transformation matrix is stored in T.tdata.T. In the example that you have provided, this transformation matrix (stored in T.tdata.T) is such that it maps each row of U to the corresponding row of X. The U and X arguments are each 3-by-2 and define the corners of input and output triangles. For example:
U = [11 11;21 11; 21 21];
X = [51 51;61 51;61 61];
tform2 = maketform('affine',U,X);
1 0 0
0 1 0
40 40 1
Now if you check:
>> [U [1;1;1]]*tform2.tdata.T
51 51 1
61 51 1
61 61 1
which is just [X [1;1;1]]. I hope this helps.
Screenshot taken from:Digital Image Processing Using MATLAB, 2e
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