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Using findpeaks collapses the size of my array, how do i stop this happening?

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Hi everyone,
I have this code for my spectrum:
[spectrum2,locations] = findpeaks(spectrum,5e5);
locations = locations * 5e5;
spectrum3 = rand(length(spectrum),1);
for i = 1:length(spectrum)
for j = 1:length(locations)
if i == locations(j)
spectrum3(i) = spectrum(i);
spectrum3(i) = 0;
The size of my spectrum array is 50 million, but after using findpeaks and plotting the array size is collapsed to around 3000. I would like the array elements to be 0 unless they correspond to the location of a peak, in which instance I would like the element to be the value it was originally. I've tried using these loops to do that but the array comes out as a flat line - how do I achieve what I'm trying to do? Is there a simpler way?
  1 Comment
Adam Danz
Adam Danz on 15 Apr 2021
Edited: Adam Danz on 15 Apr 2021
The goal of the function is entirely unclear.
There are several critical problems that need to be addressed.
  1. What is locations? It appears in the 2nd line and is never defined. This should throw an error unless locations is a global variable but a function should not rely on global variables.
  2. spectrum3 should probably be named spectrum2. Otherwise, spectrum2 is never defined and spectrum3 is never used.
Some less critical but noteworthy issues:
  1. findpeaks is the name of a matlab function. Rename this function to avoid confusion and shadow problems.
  2. Instead of preallocating with rand(), why not use nan(), ones(), or zeros()?
  3. Instead of using length(), use numel(). What if a user enters an array that isn't a vector?
  4. The j-loop can be vectorized by using indexing if not eliminated complete (see critical list above).

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Answers (1)

Amrtanshu Raj
Amrtanshu Raj on 19 Apr 2021
Based on your requirement, this snippet should solve your problem.
[peaks,locations] = findpeaks(spectrum); %find the peaks and the corresponding locations
spectrum2 = zeros(length(spectrum),1); % create a array of zeros with same size as original spectrum
spectrum2(locations) = peaks; %replace the zeros at the location of peaks with peak values.
Hope this helps !!




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