# Finding real roots of cubic polynomial

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S. R. S. on 17 Nov 2020
Commented: S. R. S. on 18 Nov 2020
I want to find the only one real roots of the equation and wrote the following code:
e = 0.3; gama = 0.8; damp = 0.0031; A = 12; M = 2*10^-4; mu = 0.05/M; St = 0.2; %parameters
Ur = 4:0.1:6;
for i = 1:size(Ur,2)
del(i) = 1/(St*Ur(i));
p(i,:)=roots([1 (-(1+2*del(i)^2-(2*damp*del(i)+(gama/mu))^2)+A*M) (-(-2*del(i)^2+(2*damp*del(i)+(gama/mu))^2-del(i)^4)-A*M*del(i)^2) (-del(i)^4)]);
r = p;
r = r(imag(r) == 0 );
end
Only one real root corresponding to each 'del(i)' is required but in some iteration, 'del(i)' leads to all three real roots of 'p'. (If all the three roots are real, max value of roots out of three would be considered)
How can I improve my code?
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### Accepted Answer

Andrei Bobrov on 17 Nov 2020
e = 0.3;
gama = 0.8;
damp = 0.0031;
A = 12;
M = 2*10^-4;
mu = 0.05/M;
St = 0.2;
AM = A*M;
%parameters
Ur = (4:0.1:6)';
n = numel(Ur);
del = 1./(St*Ur);
del2 = del.^2;
B = 2*del2-(2*damp*del+gama/mu).^2;
X = [ones(n,1) , AM-1-B , B+del2.^2-AM*del2 ,-del2.^2];
r = zeros(n,1);
for i = 1:n
p = roots(X(i,:));
r(i) = max(p(imag(p) == 0 ));
end
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S. R. S. on 18 Nov 2020
Thank you so much Andrei Bobrov for your brilliant work. The code served my purpose.

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