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Nested If-ELSEIF statements

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Hans123
Hans123 on 16 Jun 2020
Commented: Hans123 on 16 Jun 2020
I tried looking up this question in litreature and the forum and I couldn't find anything pertaining to my situation.
I have the following nested if-elseif statements, and I observed by using breakpoints, the code skips after processing the first if-elseif statement. It skips the caulations at the ellipsis too. I want it to run through the rest of the elseif and check the logic and calculate results - any help is appreciated
This excerpt is supposed to change the extreme points out of Nx and -Nx.
if X<-Nx
X=Nx;
elseif X>Nx
X=-Nx;
if Y<-Ny
Y=Ny;
elseif Y>Ny
Y=-Ny;
if Z<-Nz
Z=Nz;
elseif Z>Nz
Z=-Nz;
...
end
end
end
  3 Comments
Hans123
Hans123 on 16 Jun 2020
@Bjorn, thank you for your reply - this is meant for a periodic boundary condtion statement. It is not intuitive took me a minute too

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Accepted Answer

Geoff Hayes
Geoff Hayes on 16 Jun 2020
Hans123 - do you really need nested if-elseif blocks to change the extreme points? Wouldn't you just do them for x, y, and z seperately? Otherwise you might see this "skipping" depending upon which condition evaluates to true. For example,
if X<-Nx
X=Nx;
elseif X>Nx
X=-Nx;
if Y<-Ny
Y=Ny;
elseif Y>Ny
% etc.
if the first condition evaluates to true i.e. X < -Nx then the code to check Y and Z will not be evaluated since they are nested within the elseif body. Instead try
if X<-Nx
X=Nx;
elseif X>Nx
X=-Nx;
end
if Y<-Ny
Y=Ny;
elseif Y>Ny
Y=-Ny;
end
if Z<-Nz
Z=Nz;
elseif Z>Nz
Z=-Nz;
end
Note how the above code is duplicated for x, y, and z. This might be okay for just three variables, but if you have more, you may want to use arrays to manage this.
bounds = [Nx Ny Nz];
values = [X Y Z];
for k = 1:length(bounds)
if values(k) < -bounds(k)
values(k) = bounds(k);
elseif values(k) > bounds(k)
values(k) = -bounds(k);
end
end

More Answers (1)

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 16 Jun 2020
Without knowing the values of any of those variables? How are we supposed to do that? Can you attach them in a .mat file
save('answers.mat', 'X', 'Y', 'X', 'Nx', 'Ny', 'Nz');
But I'm sure it's going into, or skipping, whatever if/else block it's supposed to based on the variable values and nesting.
Do you want to do anything in the case that X is in the range [-Nx, Nx]? Currently that case is not handled.
Do you just want to clip values, like
X = min(X, Nx);
X = max(X, -Nx);
instead of all that if stuff?

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