# Finding a number in an array less than 2

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Kyle Donk on 13 Jan 2020
Answered: Dominik Mattioli on 16 Jan 2020
I'm trying to find a count of all the numbers in an array that are less than 2. I set up my code like this:
%Determine the number of y-values less than the number 2.0.
%Display only the number of y-values less than the number 2.0.
count=0;
N=length(y);
for i=1:N
if y<2
count=[y<2]
sum(count)
end
disp('The number of values less than two is')
disp(sum(count))
end
Yet whenever I try to run this, Matlab always says:
"Array indices must be positive integers or logical values."
Error in BasicSorts1 (line 35)
disp(sum(count))
Why is Matlab telling me this?

Dominik Mattioli on 16 Jan 2020
The error message is telling you that you are trying to index into a variable using an index that is not positive or a logical. It looks like you created a variable called 'sum' and are indexing into it using another variable called 'count', which is - for whatever reason - not a valid index.
As the other answered mentioned, your code is needlessly complicated, anyway. You can vectorize the operation of finding the number of y-values that are less than 2 like so:
clear sum % make sure you don't have a variable name overriding a function.
y = randn( 10000, 1 )
count = sum( y < 2 );
disp( ['The number of y-values < 2 is: ', num2str( count ) ] )
Or, if you need to use a for-loop, you need to index into the y-array and evaluate that element of y individually, not as a whole (that is what your code is doing):
count = 0;
for idx = 1:length( y )
if y( idx ) < 2
count = count + 1;
end
end
disp( ['The number of y-values < 2 is: ', num2str( count ) ] )

Bandar on 13 Jan 2020
For this case, you may consider using vectorization. Try this code
A = [0 -1 2 3 2 5 -2];
A(A<2)