This issue is possibly caused due to dependency of MATLAB shipped "libstdc++.so.6" on GLIBCXX and CXXABI libraries, which are missing on your system. In general libstdc++.so.6 does not require these files and you should be able to workaround this issue by forcing MATLAB to use the shared library from your system, instead of the one shipped with MATLAB. To do this, use the following method:
1. Navigate to the following folder:
which I believe is
in your case.
2. Rename the file libstdc++.so.6 to libstdc++.so.6.old
This should resolve the issue that you are facing.
Hope this helps!