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Seperating a vector based on another vector

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Luffy on 6 Nov 2015
Closed: MATLAB Answer Bot on 20 Aug 2021
I have two arrays A & B.vector A has to be separated & processed based on B's vector value.For the length that B's value remains same,A has to be taken till that value & processed.
A = 1:10;
B = [5 5 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10];
%so B's first 5 values are A's first 5 values should be assigned to a different array on which i'll do processing.
%Again B's next 5 values are same,so A's next 5 values are to be assigned to that another array on which i can process.
%My approach:-
C = unique(B);
for i = 1:length(C)
for j = 1:length(A)
if A(j) == unique(i)
D(j) = A(j)
D(j) = [ ]
% do processing on D
Can this be done in any better way ?

Answers (1)

Guillaume on 6 Nov 2015
Edited: Guillaume on 6 Nov 2015
For a start your inner j loop is completely unnecessary, use logical vector indexing:
C = unique(B);
for idx = 1:numel(C) %avoid using i, it's a matlab function
D{idx} = A(B == C(idx)); %B == C(idx) is a logical vector, used to index A
Another way of achieving the same result is to use accumarray:
[~, ~, locations] = unique(B);
D = accumarray(locations, A, [], @(v) {v});
D = arrayfun(@(c) A(B == c), unique(B), 'UniformOutput', false);


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