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Cannot generate C code from MPC object

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I have a Model Predictive Controller designed in MATLAB. I can generate MEX for it like so:
cfg = coder.config('mex');
cfg.EnableDynamicMemoryAllocation = 'off';
[coredata, statedata, onlinedata] = getCodeGenerationData(nav_mpc);
mexfun = buildMEX(nav_mpc, 'mpcmoveMEX', coredata, statedata, onlinedata, cfg);
However, I can't generate a C or C++ library, like this:
cfg = coder.config('lib');
The error is:
Error using buildMEX
Expected "mexconfig" to be one of these types:
Instead its type was coder.CodeConfig.
Error in mpc/buildMEX (line 105)
Error in run_mpc (line 45)
mexfun = buildMEX(nav_mpc, 'mpcmoveMEX', coredata, statedata, onlinedata, cfg);
According to the documentation here, I should be able to do this:
"You can change the code generation target to C/C++ static library, dynamic library, executable, etc. by using a different set of coder.config settings."
Ji Lee
Ji Lee on 31 Jan 2024
The cited documentation passage can be misleading. I have passed this observation to the team responsible for the Model Predictive Control Toolbox.
What the documentation intends to say is that the codegen function offered by MATLAB Coder can be used to handle the full range of code generation targets while the buildMEX method of mpc can handle MEX generation. In other words, one would use codegen to generate libraries or executables and buildMex to generate MEX functions. The example code in the documentation passage utilizes buildMex to demonstrate the MEX-specific workflow.
Andy Zelenak
Andy Zelenak on 31 Jan 2024
OK. So I have the Mex function now; can I get a C/C++ library out of it?
I'm aware of MexCallMATLAB() but it seems hard to use and (I think) it requires MATLAB to be installed on the realtime system where I want to run MPC.
Bottom line: how do I get this MPC controller out of MATLAB onto a PC that runs C with no MATLAB?

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Accepted Answer

Emmanouil Tzorakoleftherakis
Please take a look at the example here that uses 'codegen' command.
Emmanouil Tzorakoleftherakis
The code you posted in the question was using 'buildMex' instead of 'codegen'. 'buildMex' is a wrapper around codegen to make it easier to generate mex files without going into the (harder) syntax of codegen. For generating c libraries, etc you need to use 'codegen'. Now, the example I shared above (the code snippet you shared) is still generating a mex file because that what the following line tells it to do.
Cfg = coder.config('mex');
Take a look at the pages here and here to see what options you have instead of 'mex' and for more examples on how to use 'codegen'.
Hope that helps

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