Add background color for some values in a plot of two two variables

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Hi everyone. I have two variables av1 and av2. Each variables have 114 data points. I want to draw it in same figure but at same time and point I also want to calculate p value from ttest between av1 and av2. So if the significance difference is less then 0.05 at that data point it should draw a background colour. I attached the figure.

Answers (1)

Ben on 14 Sep 2022
Edited: Ben on 16 Sep 2022
You can plot a bar graph and then set the FaceAlpha to less than 1.
x = [0 1 2 2 3 4 4 6 7 7];
y = [1 2 2 3 4.5 4.5 6 7];
p = [2.15e-12 2.72e-11 2.397e-10 0.0600 5.613e-09 1.803e-08 4.831e-08...
8.945e-08 1.874e-07 2.894e-07];
hold on;
plot(y, 'k')
ax = gca; %Get axis size info
ylimVals = ax.YLim; %Y limits
scaleFact = max(ylimVals);
b1 = bar(scaleFact*(p < 0.05),'b'); %plot blue bar graph
b1.FaceAlpha = 0.5; %Set transparency to 50%
b1.EdgeAlpha = 0; %Maybe you want no outline on the bar
ylim(ylimVals); %Set ylim correctly
uistack(b1, 'bottom') %Move background below other elements
Ben on 16 Sep 2022
I've edited my answer and tested the code locally with your data and think it does what you want.
I think the key understanding here is that you don't need to loop through p. MATLAB allows vector calculations, so you can check every cell in p at once.
out = p < 0.05;
Out will be a logical index (that is, 1 where p < 0.05, 0 otherwise) with the same length as p. You can then plot the logical index with a scaling factor to get the background at a consistent height.

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