# Questions with integral2 , Double, Syms and Dot calucations.

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sun on 27 Dec 2014
Commented: Xinyue Liu on 4 May 2018
Dear friends, I got 2 questions here. 1. If I have y = a*x^2 + 5. What function can make it into y = a.*x.^2 +5. As you seen, dot was inserted.
2. It's easy, but kinda diffcult to describe, but please have patience with me. Thank you so much. First, let me make a very simple example of my problem. If I want to calucate Y = F(x=1)+ 2.^2, and I know F(x=1) = a+b,(a and b are syms). This means Y = a + b + 4. Problem is here, Matlab give me error if I write down as.
F = function( .... ); <==== output of function is F(X=1), and = *F(x=1)* = a+b
Y = integral2( F + 2.^2, .. , .. ,..)
However, if I just copy the output of F as
Y = integral2( a+b + 2.^2, .. , .. ,..)
Now it works!!!
Ok. Please allow me to talk about my code here. I am trying to find a double interation by using integral2. One part of my equcation(which is Y) is from another int output(which is F). Matlab will give ERROR for code below:
clear all;
a=4;
la1=1/(pi*500^2); la2= la1*5;
p1=25; p2=p1/25;
sgma2=10^(-11);
index=1;
g=2./a;
syms r u1 u2
powe= -2 ;
seta= 10^powe;
xNor = ( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a);
x = (xNor).^(0.5) * seta^(-1/a);
fun1 = r./(1+ r.^a );
out1 = int(fun1, x, Inf) ; %== This is my F in my example
q=pi.*(la1.*p1.^(2./a)+la2.*p2.^(2./a));
yi = @(u2,u1) exp(-u2.*(1+2.*...
( out1 )./... %=== out1 is the problem here.
( (( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).*seta.^(-2./a)))).*...
exp(-sgma2.*q.^(-a./2).* seta.*u2.^(a./2)./...
((( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).^(a./2)) );
maxF =@(u2) u2;
out2 = integral2(yi,0,Inf,0 ,maxF) % == this is Y in my previous example.
However, since I know the out1 = pi/4 - atan(10*(u2^2/u1^2 + 1)^(1/2))/2 (no dot,1/2, not 1./2). Instead of writing down out1, I will just type the equaction and add dot in the
yi = @(u2,u1) exp(-u2.*(1+2.*...
( pi./4 - atan(10.*(u2.^2./u1.^2 + 1).^(1./2))./2 )./... %===not "out1"
( (( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).*seta.^(-2./a)))).*...
exp(-sgma2.*q.^(-a./2).* seta.*u2.^(a./2)./...
((( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).^(a./2)) );
Now the code is working!!!! The final output is = 0.9957. Dear friends, I already spend a long time on this, but I still can not find out the problem. Could you please take a deeper look for me. Please copy the code to you matlab and test. Thank you so much.
Below is the error given by matlab, if I just use "out1" in yi = @(u2,u1) ......
Error using integralCalc/finalInputChecks (line 511)
Input function must return 'double' or 'single' values. Found 'sym'.
Error in integralCalc/iterateScalarValued (line 315)
finalInputChecks(x,fx);
[q,errbnd] = iterateScalarValued(u,tinterval,pathlen);
Error in integralCalc (line 76)
Error in
integral2Calc>@(xi,y1i,y2i)integralCalc(@(y)fun(xi*ones(size(y)),y),y1i,y2i,opstruct.integralOptions)
(line 18)
innerintegral = @(x)arrayfun(@(xi,y1i,y2i)integralCalc( ...
Error in
integral2Calc>@(x)arrayfun(@(xi,y1i,y2i)integralCalc(@(y)fun(xi*ones(size(y)),y),y1i,y2i,opstruct.integralOptions),x,ymin(x),ymax(x))
(line 18)
innerintegral = @(x)arrayfun(@(xi,y1i,y2i)integralCalc( ...
Error in integralCalc/iterateScalarValued (line 314)
fx = FUN(t);
[q,errbnd] = iterateScalarValued(u,tinterval,pathlen);
Error in integralCalc (line 84)
Error in integral2Calc>integral2i (line 21)
[q,errbnd] = integralCalc(innerintegral,xmin,xmax,opstruct.integralOptions);
Error in integral2Calc (line 8)
[q,errbnd] = integral2i(fun,xmin,xmax,ymin,ymax,optionstruct);
Error in integral2 (line 107)
Q = integral2Calc(fun,xmin,xmax,yminfun,ymaxfun,opstruct);
Error in ref7_equ11n2 (line 129)
out2 = integral2(yi,0,Inf,0 ,maxF)

Mike Hosea on 27 Dec 2014
The problem is that out1 is a symbolic "thing", not a MATLAB "thing". That's what the error message is really telling you. You need to use
out1fcn = matlabFunction(out1);
out1fcn(u1,u2)
Like so:
out1 = int(fun1, x, Inf) ; %== This is my F in my example
out1fcn = matlabFunction(out1); % Convert symbolic object to a MATLAB function.
q=pi.*(la1.*p1.^(2./a)+la2.*p2.^(2./a));
yi = @(u2,u1) exp(-u2.*(1+2.*...
( out1fcn(u1,u2) )./... %=== out1 is the problem here.
( (( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).*seta.^(-2./a)))).*...
exp(-sgma2.*q.^(-a./2).* seta.*u2.^(a./2)./...
((( (u2./u1).^(a./2) + 1 ).^(2./a)).^(a./2)) );
maxF =@(u2) u2;
out2 = integral2(yi,0,Inf,0 ,maxF) % == this is Y in my previous example.
Xinyue Liu on 4 May 2018
I have the same problem with sun. Thank you so much to solve this, Mike;)