Is there a way to Identify the calling function within a function?

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I would like a generic function that "knows" which function called it (to set certain variables) without having to pass it through varargin or any other argument passed like myfunc(hidden_argument).
A client will get source code for the calling functions, but not for the generic function, which will operate differently for each calling function.

Accepted Answer

Adam Danz
Adam Danz on 3 Jan 2022
Edited: Adam Danz on 3 Jan 2022
Study the dbstack function.
dbstack returns a structure containing information about the file, function name, and line number of the function call stack. The second element of the structure is the caller.
The structure will be empty if dbstack is called from the command line or by running the section in debug mode, and will contain only 1 element in the structure array if the function is called directly.
Example of stack info
stack = dbstack('-completenames')
stack =
2×1 struct array with fields:
% read second element in the structure array
ans =
struct with fields:
file: 'C:\Users\me\Documents\Matlab\myFunc.m'
name: 'myFunc'
line: 1
Use Case
stack = dbstack('-completenames');
if numel(stack) >= 2
fprintf('Caller is %s line %d in file %s.\n', stack(2).name, stack(2).line, stack(2).file)
fprintf('No caller.\n')
Note that the line number can be negative when stepping past the end of the file in debug mode.

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