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Horizontal Gauge

Display signal value during simulation on horizontal gauge with customizable appearance

  • Library:
  • Simulink / Dashboard / Customizable Blocks

  • Horizontal Gauge block

Description

The Horizontal Gauge block displays the value of the connected signal on a linear gauge that you can customize to look like a gauge in a real system.

The Horizontal Gauge block displays the instantaneous value of the connected signal throughout simulation. You can modify the range and tick values on the Horizontal Gauge block to fit your data. Use the Horizontal Gauge block with other dashboard blocks to build an interactive dashboard of controls and indicators for your model.

Customize Horizontal Gauge Blocks

When you add a Horizontal Gauge block to your model, the block is preconfigured with a default design. You can use the block with the default design or customize the appearance of the block using design mode. You can enter design mode in one of three ways after selecting the block:

  • On the Gauge tab, under Design, click Edit.

  • In the Property Inspector, on the Design tab, click Edit.

  • Pause on the ellipsis that appears above the block and click the Edit Custom Block button.

In design mode, you have access to block parameters and settings that allow you to design the appearance of the block. You can use the toolbar above the block to change the background image or needle image and to set the opacity and color for the scale, tick labels, and value bar. To design the appearance of the scale, select the aspect of the scale you want to edit in the middle section of the toolbar. Use the controls on the right of the toolbar to set the color and opacity. You can also click and drag to reposition the needle or the scale.

For fine control of the block design, use the Design tab in the Property Inspector. You can use the Property Inspector to enter exact values for design settings. The Design tab also includes design parameters that are not available through the toolbar or interactive editing, such as the ability to add a foreground image to the block.

Horizontal Gauge block in design mode with the toolbar and the Design tab in the Property Inspector visible.

When you finish editing the design, click Exit in the upper-right of the canvas to exit design mode.

Connect Dashboard Blocks

Dashboard blocks do not use ports to connect to model elements. To connect dashboard blocks to signals in your model, use connect mode. Connect mode facilitates the process of connecting dashboard blocks in your model, especially when you want to connect multiple blocks at once. To connect a single dashboard block, you can also use the Connection table in the block dialog box.

Tip

You can modify dashboard block connections during normal and accelerator mode simulations.

To enter connect mode, in the canvas, select the dashboard block to connect. On the Simulink® Toolstrip, a tab named after the type of the selected block appears. On the block tab, click Connect. In connect mode, when you select one or more signals or blocks, a list of signals that are available for connection appears. Select a signal from the list to connect to the selected dashboard block. To connect another dashboard block, pause on the block you want to connect and click the Connect button above it. Then, select one or more signals and blocks in the model and choose a signal to connect.

Simulink model of the Van der Pol equation with all components selected, a Linear Gauge block in connect mode, and the Connection table visible

When you finish connecting the dashboard blocks in your model, on the block tab, click Done Connecting.

Tip

You can hide the message shown on unconnected blocks using the set_param function with the ShowInitialText block parameter. The message also disappears when you connect the block.

Limitations

  • Except for the Dashboard Scope block and the Display block, dashboard blocks can only connect to real scalar signals.

  • The toolstrip does not support blocks that are inside a panel.

  • You cannot use the Connection table in the block dialog to connect a dashboard block to a block that is commented out. When you connect a dashboard block to a commented block using connect mode, the dashboard block does not display the connected value until the you uncomment the block.

  • Dashboard blocks cannot connect to model elements inside referenced models.

  • When you simulate a model hierarchy, dashboard blocks inside referenced models do not update.

  • Dashboard blocks do not support rapid accelerator simulation.

  • You cannot connect a dashboard block to state activity or chart data in Stateflow® during simulation.

  • You cannot programmatically connect a dashboard block to state activity or chart data in Stateflow.

  • Some signals do not have data available during simulation due to block reduction or optimization for accelerator mode simulations. To view such a signal using a dashboard block, mark the signal for logging.

Parameters

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Use the Property Inspector and the Block Parameters dialog box to specify the values of the block parameters. To set the core parameters of the dashboard block, use the Block Parameters dialog box or the Parameters tab in the Property Inspector. To customize the block, use the Design tab in the Property Inspector. To display the Block Parameters dialog box for a block, double-click the block. To display the Property Inspector, on the Modeling tab, under Design, select Property Inspector.

Parameters

To set the core parameters of the dashboard block, open the Property Inspector and click the Parameters tab.

Use the Connection table in the Block Parameters dialog box to select or change the signal that the block connects to. To connect the block to a signal:

  1. If the block is not connected, in the Property Inspector, on the Parameters tab, click Connect to open the Block Parameters dialog box. If the block is already connected and you want to change the signal to which it connects, click Change.

  2. Select a signal in the model.

  3. In the table, select the signal you want to connect.

  4. Click Apply.

To help understand and debug your model, you can connect dashboard blocks to signals in the model during simulation.

Tip

You can also use bind mode select or change the signal that the block connects to. To enter bind mode:

  • If you are in design mode, exit by clicking the Edit button on the Design tab of the Property Inspector.

  • Click the dashboard block in the canvas. If the dashboard block is not connected, the Connect button Connect button and an ellipsis appear over the dashboard block. If the dashboard block is already connected, only the ellipsis appears.

  • If the dashboard block is not connected, click Connect. If the dashboard block is connected, pause on the ellipsis. In the action menu that expands, click Connect. In either case, a list of signals that are available for connection appears.

The left image shows a selected dashboard block with the Connect button and the ellipsis hovering above it. The right image shows the same dashboard block with the action menu expanded above it, and the pointer hovering over the Connect button.

To connect the dashboard block in bind mode:

  • From the list, select the signal you want to connect.

  • To exit bind mode, click Done Connecting Done Connecting buttonover the dashboard block.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Binding
Type: Simulink.HMI.SignalSpecification
Default: []

Finite, real, double, scalar value specifying the minimum tick mark value for the scale. The parameter value must be less than the value of the Maximum parameter.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Minimum parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Finite, real, double, scalar value specifying the maximum tick mark value for the scale. The parameter value must be greater than the value of the Minimum parameter.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Maximum parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Finite, real, positive, whole, scalar value specifying the interval of major tick marks on the scale. When set to auto, the block automatically adjusts the tick interval based on the values of the Maximum and Minimum parameters.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Tick Interval parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Set the direction of increasing scale values.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: ScaleDirection
Type: character vector
Values: 'Clockwise' | 'Counterclockwise'
Default: 'Clockwise'

You can display the name of the element to which the dashboard block connects in a label positioned at the top or at the bottom of the block, or you can hide the label. If you want the label to be visible, specify the position of the block. If you do not want the label to be visible, specify Hide.

Note

When the dashboard block is not connected to an element, the label is blank.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: LabelPosition
Type: character vector
Values: 'Top' | 'Bottom' | 'Hide'
Default: 'Top'

Enable this option to maintain the aspect ratio when resizing the block in the Simulink canvas.

Tip

  • When the aspect ratio is locked, adding a new background image changes the aspect ratio of the block to match that of the background image.

  • When the aspect ratio is not locked, adding a new background image does not change the proportions of the block but instead stretches or scales the background image to fit the size of the block.

Color specifications for value ranges on the scale. Click the + button to add a scale color. For each color added, specify the minimum and maximum values of the range in which you want to display that color.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically specify the Scale Colors parameter, use an array of structures with these fields:

  • Min — Minimum value for the color range on the scale

  • Max — Maximum value for the color range on the scale

  • Color1-by-3 vector of double values between 0 and 1 that specify the color for the range in the form [r g b]

Include a structure in the array for each scale range for which you want to specify a color.

range1.Min = 0;
range1.Max = 10;
range1.Color = [0 0 1];
range2.Min = 10;
range2.Max = 15;
range2.Color = [0 1 0];
scaleRanges = [range1 range2];
Block Parameter: ScaleColors
Type: structure array
Default: 0x1 struct array

Design

To customize the dashboard block, open the Property Inspector, click the Design tab, and click Edit.

Linear Gauge

Enable this option to maintain the aspect ratio when resizing the block in the Simulink canvas.

Tip

  • When the aspect ratio is locked, adding a new background image changes the aspect ratio of the block to match that of the background image.

  • When the aspect ratio is not locked, adding a new background image does not change the proportions of the block but instead stretches or scales the background image to fit the size of the block.

Scale

Finite, real, double, scalar value specifying the minimum tick mark value for the scale. The parameter value must be less than the value of the Maximum parameter.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Minimum parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Finite, real, double, scalar value specifying the maximum tick mark value for the scale. The parameter value must be greater than the value of the Minimum parameter.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Maximum parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Finite, real, positive, whole, scalar value specifying the interval of major tick marks on the scale. When set to auto, the block automatically adjusts the tick interval based on the values of the Maximum and Minimum parameters.

Programmatic Use

To programmatically set the Tick Interval parameter, use a 1-by-3 vector containing values for the Minimum, Tick Interval, and Maximum parameters, in that order. To use the auto value for the Tick Interval, leave the Tick Interval position in the vector empty, or specify -1.

Block Parameter: Limits
Type: 1x3 vector
Default: [0 -1 100]

Specify the value on the scale from which the needle moves and the value bar grows. When set to auto, the Origin is the minimum of the scale.

Example: 0

Set the direction of increasing scale values.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: ScaleDirection
Type: character vector
Values: 'Clockwise' | 'Counterclockwise'
Default: 'Clockwise'

Specify the horizontal offset of the left edge of the bounding box of the scale from the left edge of the block as a ratio of the block width. Relative to the position of the scale when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the scale left, and an offset with a positive value moves the scale right.

Example: 1

Specify the vertical offset of the top edge of the bounding box of the scale from the top edge of the block as a ratio of the block height. Relative to the position of the scale when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the scale up, and an offset with a positive value moves the scale down.

Example: 1

Specify the width of the bounding box of the scale as a ratio of the block width.

Example: 2

Specify the height of the bounding box of the scale as a ratio of the block height.

Example: 2

Enable on this option to maintain the aspect ratio when resizing the scale using the Property Inspector.

Set the color of the scale tick marks, the span line, and the block name. Choose a color from the palette of standard colors, or specify a custom color.

Tip

You can also set the Tick Color by choosing a Foreground Color on the Format tab of the Simulink Toolstrip.

To specify the color of the block text, use the Label Color parameter.

Programmatic Use

Specify the ForegroundColor parameter for the block as a string or a character vector that defines a 1-by-3 [r g b] vector with values between 0 and 1.

Block Parameter: ForegroundColor
Type: character vector | string
Values: [r g b] vector

Choose a font color for the scale label from the palette of standard colors, or specify a custom color.

Tip

To specify the color of the scale, use the Tick Color parameter.

Specify the vertical distance from the scale labels to the free end of their corresponding tick marks on the scale as a ratio of the height of the bounding box of the scale.

Example: 0.5

Needle

Specify the width of the needle image as a ratio of the block width.

Example: 1

Specify the height of the needle image as a ratio of the block height.

Example: 1

Enable this option to maintain the aspect ratio when resizing the image using the Property Inspector.

Specify the horizontal offset of the needle image center from the scale origin as a ratio of the needle image width. Relative to the position of the needle image when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the image left, and an offset with a positive value moves the image right.

Example: 1

Specify the vertical offset of the top edge of the needle image from the span line of the scale as a ratio of the needle image height. Relative to the position of the needle image when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the image up, and an offset with a positive value moves the image down.

Example: 1

Value Bar

Specify the distance from the top edge of the value bar to the span line as a ratio of the height of the bounding box of the scale. Relative to the position of the value bar when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the value bar up, and an offset with a positive value moves the value bar down.

Example: 0.25

Specify the thickness of the value bar as a ratio of the height of the bounding box of the scale.

Example: 0.3

Background Image

For the block background, you can provide a background image or select a solid color. To select a solid background color, select this parameter. To provide a background image, clear this parameter.

Note

Changing the background color using the Format tab of the Simulink Toolstrip removes the background image and enables the Use Background Color parameter.

Example: on

To select a solid background color, enable the Use Background Color parameter. Then, choose a background color from the palette of standard colors, or specify a custom color.

Tip

You can also specify the Background Color in the Format tab of the Simulink Toolstrip.

To specify the color of the block text, use the Font Color parameter.

Programmatic Use

Specify the BackgroundColor parameter for the block as a 1-by-3 [r g b] vector with values between 0 and 1 that is formatted as a string or a character vector.

Block Parameter: BackgroundColor
Type: character vector | string
Values: [r g b] vector

Specify the block background opacity as a scalar value from 0 to 1.

Example: 0.5

Specify the corner radius of the area covered by the block background color as a ratio of half of the smaller of the two block dimensions, width or height.

Example: 0.25

Foreground Image

Specify the horizontal offset of the left edge of the image from the left edge of the block as a ratio of the block width. Relative to the position of the image when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the image left, and an offset with a positive value moves the image right.

Example: 1

Specify the vertical offset of the top edge of the image from the top edge of the block as a ratio of the block height. Relative to the position of the image when the offset is 0, an offset with a negative value moves the image up, and a positive value moves the image down.

Example: 1

Specify the image width as a ratio of the block width.

Example: 0.5

Specify the image height as a ratio of the block height.

Example: 0.5

Enable this option to maintain the aspect ratio when resizing the image using the Property Inspector.

Block Characteristics

Data Types

Boolean | double | enumerated | fixed point | half | integer | single

Direct Feedthrough

no

Multidimensional Signals

no

Variable-Size Signals

no

Zero-Crossing Detection

no

Extended Capabilities

Version History

Introduced in R2020a

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