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Estimate Battery State of Health Based on Capacity Fade

Since R2024a

This example shows how to estimate the battery capacity and state of health (SOH) by using a Kalman filter. The initial state of charge (SOC) of the battery is equal to 0.5. The estimator uses an initial condition for the SOC equal to 0.8. The battery keeps charging and discharging for 50 hours. The example estimates the battery capacity, in ampere-hour, and the SOC by using an extended Kalman Filter. The estimation error for the battery capacity is less than 4%. The SOC is estimated using an extended Kalman filter. When using fixed capacity the estimated SOC value diverges from the true value. To demonstrate the functionality of the estimator and to restrict the duration of the simulation, this example models an increased capacity fade rate.


Simulation Results

This plot shows the real and estimated battery state of charge, estimated capacity, and estimated state of health of the battery.

Results from Real-Time Simulation

This example has been tested on a Speedgoat Performance real-time target machine with an Intel® 3.5 GHz i7 multi-core CPU. This model can run in real time with a step size of 100 microseconds.

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