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Send feedback to ROS 2 action client during goal execution

Since R2023b



sendFeedback(server,goalStruct,feedbackMsg) sends the feedback message feedbackMsg, to the action client that sent the goal associated with the goal structure goalStruct. Use this function in the goal execution callback function specified to the ExecuteGoalFcn property of the ROS 2 action server server, to send the feedbackMsg when the server is executing the goal.


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This example shows how to create a ROS 2 action server, connect an action client to it, receive a goal, and execute it.

Create a ROS 2 node.

node = ros2node("/node_1");

Set up an action server for calculating Fibbonacci sequence. Specify the goal execution, reception and cancel callbacks.

server = ros2actionserver(node,"/fibbonacci","example_interfaces/Fibonacci",ReceiveGoalFcn=@goalReceptionCB,...
server = 
  ros2actionserver with properties:

          ActionName: '/fibbonacci'
          ActionType: 'example_interfaces/Fibonacci'
       MultiGoalMode: 'on'
      ExecuteGoalFcn: @goalExecutionCB
      ReceiveGoalFcn: @goalReceptionCB
       CancelGoalFcn: @cancelGoalCB
      GoalServiceQoS: 'History: keeplast, Depth: 10, Reliability: reliable, Durability: volatile'
    ResultServiceQoS: 'History: keeplast, Depth: 10, Reliability: reliable, Durability: volatile'
    CancelServiceQoS: 'History: keeplast, Depth: 10, Reliability: reliable, Durability: volatile'
    FeedbackTopicQoS: 'History: keeplast, Depth: 10, Reliability: reliable, Durability: volatile'
      StatusTopicQoS: 'History: keeplast, Depth: 1, Reliability: reliable, Durability: transientlocal'

Create an action client and specify a goal message to calculate the Fibbonacci sequence up to 10 terms past the first term 0.

client = ros2actionclient(node,"/fibbonacci","example_interfaces/Fibonacci");
goalMsg = ros2message(client);
goalMsg.order = int32(10);

Send the goal. Use ros2ActionSendGoalOptions function to specify callback options when the client receives feedback and result messages from the server.

callbackOpts = ros2ActionSendGoalOptions(FeedbackFcn=@printFeedback,ResultFcn=@printResult);
goalHandle = sendGoal(client,goalMsg,callbackOpts);

Supporting Functions

goalReceptionCB is the goal reception callback that is triggered when the action server receives a new goal. Use the handleGoalResponse object function to accept or reject a new goal.

function goalReceptionCB(src,goalStruct)
    fprintf("[Server] Goal received, UUID: %s\n",goalStruct.goalUUID)
    if goalStruct.goal.order < 1
        % Reject Goal

goalExecutionCB is the goal execution callback that is triggered after a new goal is accepted and the server is ready to execute it. In this example, use goalExecutionCB to calculate the Fibonacci sequence for the number of terms specified in the goal message. First, check whether the client has preempted the goal using the isPreemptRequested object function. If not, continue goal execution and send periodic feedback to the client about the goal execution status.

function [result,success] = goalExecutionCB(src,goalStruct,defaultFeedbackMsg,defaultResultMsg)
    fprintf('[Server] Goal accepted and executing, UUID: %s\n', goalStruct.goalUUID);
    success = true;
    result = defaultResultMsg;
    feedback = defaultFeedbackMsg;
    feedback.sequence = int32([0;1]);
    for k=1:goalStruct.goal.order-1
        % Check that the client has not preempted the goal
        if isPreemptRequested(src,goalStruct)
            success = false;

        % Periodically send feedback to the client
        feedback.sequence = [feedback.sequence; int32(0)];
        feedback.sequence(end) = feedback.sequence(end-1) + feedback.sequence(end-2);

    if success
        result.sequence = feedback.sequence;

cancelGoalCB is the cancel goal callback that is triggered after the server receives a cancel request from the client.

function cancelGoalCB(~,goalStruct)
    fprintf('[Server] Received request to cancel goal with UUID: %s\n', goalStruct.goalUUID);

printFeedback function is triggered when the client receives the feedback message from the server.

function printFeedback(goalHandle,resp)
    seq = resp.sequence;
    fprintf("[Client] Feedback: Fibonacci sequence for goal %s calculated currently: [", goalHandle.GoalUUID);
    for i=1:numel(seq)
        fprintf(" %d",seq(i));
   fprintf(' ]\n');

printResult function is triggered when the client receives the result message from the server.

function printResult(goalHandle,resp)
    seq = resp.result.sequence;
    fprintf("[Client] Result: Fibonacci sequence for goal %s is: [", goalHandle.GoalUUID);
    for i=1:numel(seq)
        fprintf(" %d",seq(i));
    fprintf(' ]\n');

Input Arguments

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ROS 2 action server, specified as a ros2actionserver object.

Structure containing the goal information, specified as a ROS 2 action goal structure. The new goal reception callback function in the ReceiveGoalFcn property of the ros2actionserver object automatically generates this structure as an input argument. The ROS 2 action goal structure contains these fields:

  • goal — Goal message structure

  • goalUUID — Unique ID of the goal

Feedback message for action client, specified as a ROS 2 message. The type of the feedbackMsg must match the ActionType property of the server.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2023b