# geopointshape

Point shape in geographic coordinates

## Description

A `geopointshape`

object represents a point or multipoint in
geographic coordinates. A *multipoint* is an individual point shape that
contains a set of point locations.

To represent a point or multipoint in planar coordinates, use a `mappointshape`

object
instead.

## Creation

To create `geopointshape`

objects, either:

Import point data in geographic coordinates as a geospatial table using the

`readgeotable`

function, and then query the`Shape`

variable of the table.Use the

`geopointshape`

function (described here).

### Description

### Input Arguments

`lat`

— Latitude coordinates

numeric array | cell array of numeric arrays

Latitude coordinates, specified as a numeric array or a cell array of numeric arrays.

Create a point by specifying a scalar, such as

`39`

.Create a multipoint by specifying an array within a cell, such as

`{[38 -30 29]}`

.Create an array of points by specifying an array, such as

`[38 -30 29]`

.Create an array of points and multipoints by specifying a cell array of numeric arrays, such as

`{39,[38 -30 29]}`

.

Create placeholders for points with missing data by including
`NaN`

values. The `NaN`

values in
`lat`

must correspond to the `NaN`

values in
`lon`

.

The size of `lat`

must match the size of
`lon`

. For cell arrays, the size of the array in each cell of
`lat`

must match the size of the array in the corresponding cell
of `lon`

.

**Data Types: **`double`

| `cell`

`lon`

— Longitude coordinates

numeric array | cell array of numeric arrays

Longitude coordinates, specified as a numeric array or a cell array of numeric arrays.

Create a point by specifying a scalar, such as

`-113`

.Create a multipoint by specifying an array within a cell, such as

`{[-66 -31 42]}`

.Create an array of points by specifying an array, such as

`[-66 -31 42]`

.Create an array of points and multipoints by specifying a cell array of numeric arrays, such as

`{-113,[-66 -31 42]}`

.

Create placeholders for points with missing data by including
`NaN`

values. The `NaN`

values in
`lat`

must correspond to the `NaN`

values in
`lon`

.

The size of `lat`

must match the size of
`lon`

. For cell arrays, the size of the array in each cell of
`lat`

must match the size of the array in the corresponding cell
of `lon`

.

**Data Types: **`double`

| `cell`

## Properties

`NumPoints`

— Number of points

array of nonnegative integers

This property is read-only.

Number of points, returned as an array of nonnegative integers.

For a `geopointshape`

scalar, the value of
`NumPoints`

is `1`

when the
`geopointshape`

object represents a single point and more than
`1`

when the object represents a multipoint.

For a `geopointshape`

array, the size of
`NumPoints`

matches the size of the array.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Latitude`

— Latitude coordinates

array

Latitude coordinates, specified as an array.

For a `geopointshape`

scalar, the size of
`Latitude`

matches the value of
`NumPoints`

.

For a `geopointshape`

array, the size of
`Latitude`

matches the size of `NumPoints`

. If
the array contains `geopointshape`

objects with multipoints, then
accessing the `Latitude`

property of the array is not supported.
Instead, access the `Latitude`

property of individual objects within
the array. You can determine whether a `geopointshape`

array contains
multipoints by using the `ismultipoint`

function.

This property is read-only for arrays when any element of
`NumPoints`

is greater than `1`

.

`Latitude`

and `Longitude`

must be the same
size.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Longitude`

— Longitude coordinates

array

Longitude coordinates, specified as an array.

For a `geopointshape`

scalar, the size of
`Longitude`

matches the value of
`NumPoints`

.

For a `geopointshape`

array, the size of
`Longitude`

matches the size of `NumPoints`

. If
the array contains `geopointshape`

objects with multipoints, then
accessing the `Longitude`

property of the array is not supported.
Instead, access the `Longitude`

property of individual elements
within the array. You can determine whether a `geopointshape`

array
contains multipoints by using the `ismultipoint`

function.

This property is read-only for arrays when any element of
`NumPoints`

is greater than `1`

.

`Latitude`

and `Longitude`

must be the same
size.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Geometry`

— Geometric type

`"point"`

(default)

This property is read-only.

Geometric type, returned as `"point"`

.

**Data Types: **`string`

`CoordinateSystemType`

— Coordinate system type

`"geographic"`

(default)

This property is read-only.

Coordinate system type, returned as `"geographic"`

.

**Data Types: **`string`

`GeographicCRS`

— Geographic coordinate reference system

`[]`

(default) | `geocrs`

object

Geographic coordinate reference system (CRS), specified as a `geocrs`

object. A
geographic CRS consists of a datum (including its ellipsoid), prime meridian, and
angular unit of measurement.

## Object Functions

`geoplot` | Plot points, lines, and polygons in geographic axes |

`geoclip` | Clip geographic shape to latitude-longitude limits |

`ismultipoint` | Determine which array elements are multipoint shapes |

## Examples

### Get Information About Imported Geographic Points

Import a GPX file containing the coordinates of locations in Boston as a geospatial table. The GPX file represents the locations using points. Get information about the points by querying the `Shape`

variable of the table.

```
GT = readgeotable("boston_placenames.gpx");
GT.Shape
```

ans = 13×1 geopointshape array with properties: NumPoints: [13×1 double] Latitude: [13×1 double] Longitude: [13×1 double] Geometry: "point" CoordinateSystemType: "geographic" GeographicCRS: [1×1 geocrs]

Display the locations on a road map by passing the geospatial table to the `geoplot`

function.

figure geoplot(GT,"o",MarkerFaceColor="#0072BD") geobasemap streets

### Create Geographic Points and Multipoints

Create an individual point as a `geopointshape`

scalar. Specify the geographic CRS as the World Geodetic System of 1984, which has the EPSG code `4326`

.

point = geopointshape(39,-113); g = geocrs(4326); point.GeographicCRS = g

point = geopointshape with properties: NumPoints: 1 Latitude: 39 Longitude: -113 Geometry: "point" CoordinateSystemType: "geographic" GeographicCRS: [1x1 geocrs]

Create a multipoint as a `geopointshape`

scalar.

multipoint = geopointshape({[38 -30 29]},{[-66 -31 42]}); multipoint.GeographicCRS = g

multipoint = geopointshape with properties: NumPoints: 3 Latitude: [38 -30 29] Longitude: [-66 -31 42] Geometry: "point" CoordinateSystemType: "geographic" GeographicCRS: [1x1 geocrs]

Create three individual points as a 1-by-3 `geopointshape`

vector.

pointVector = geopointshape([38 -20 29],[-66 -31 42]); pointVector.GeographicCRS = g

pointVector = 1x3 geopointshape array with properties: NumPoints: [1 1 1] Latitude: [38 -20 29] Longitude: [-66 -31 42] Geometry: "point" CoordinateSystemType: "geographic" GeographicCRS: [1x1 geocrs]

Create one individual point and one multipoint as a 1-by-2 `geopointshape`

vector.

pointMultipoint = geopointshape({39,[38 -30 29]},{-113,[-66 -31 42]}); pointMultipoint.GeographicCRS = g

pointMultipoint = 1x2 geopointshape array with properties: NumPoints: [1 3] Geometry: "point" CoordinateSystemType: "geographic" GeographicCRS: [1x1 geocrs]

## Version History

**Introduced in R2021b**

### R2022a: Points with missing coordinate data have some changed property values

When a point shape has missing coordinate data, its `NumPoints`

property has a value of `0`

and its `Latitude`

and
`Longitude`

properties each have a value of `NaN`

.

When you create a point by specifying both coordinates as

`NaN`

values, its`NumPoints`

property has a value of`0`

. In the previous release, the property had a value of`1`

.When a point has no coordinate data, its

`Latitude`

and`Longitude`

properties each have a value of`NaN`

. In the previous release, the properties were each empty`double`

values.

These changes make it easier to create and access the properties of
`geopointshape`

arrays when the input coordinates contain missing data. For
example, you can now access the coordinates of a `geopointshape`

array when
the array contains a combination of points with coordinate data
(`NumPoints`

is `1`

) and without coordinate data
(`NumPoints`

is `0`

). In the previous release,
MATLAB^{®} issued an error.

## See Also

### Functions

### Objects

### Topics

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