Generate Bernoulli-distributed random binary numbers
Communications Toolbox / Comm Sources / Random Data Sources
The Bernoulli Binary Generator block generates random binary numbers using a Bernoulli distribution. Use this block to generate random data bits to simulate digital communication systems and obtain performance metrics such as bit error rate. The Bernoulli distribution with parameter p produces zero with probability p and one with probability 1-p. The Bernoulli distribution has mean value 1-p and variance p(1-p). The Probability of zero parameter specifies p and can be any real number in range [0, 1].
The output signal can be a column or row vector, two-dimensional matrix, or scalar. The number of rows in the output signal corresponds to the number of samples in one frame and is set by the Samples per frame parameter. The number of columns in the output signal corresponds to the number of channels and is set by the number of elements in the Probability of zero parameter. For more details, see Sources and Sinks in Communications Toolbox™ User's Guide
Out— Output data signal
Output data signal, returned as a numeric scalar, vector, or matrix.
Probability of zero— Probability of generating zero at output
0.5(default) | integer in the range [0, 1] | vector of integers in the range [0, 1]
Probability of zero must be in the range of [0, 1]. The number of elements in the Probability of zero parameter corresponds to the number of independent channels output from the block. The Bernoulli distribution with parameter p produces zero with probability p and one with probability 1-p.
Source of initial seed— Source of initial seed for random number generator
Parameter to use the Initial seed
parameter to specify the initial seed for the random number generator.
When the Source of initial seed parameter is set to
Auto and the Simulate using parameter is set
Code generation, the random number generator uses an initial
seed of zero. In this case, the block generates the same random numbers each time it
is started. To ensure that the model uses different initial seeds, set
Simulate using parameter to
execution. If you run
Interpreted execution in
Rapid accelerator mode, then the model behaves the same as
Code generation mode.
Initial seed— Initial seed for random number generator
If you set the Initial seed parameter to a constant value, then the resulting sequence is repeatable.
To enable this parameter, set the Source of initial seed to
Sample time— Sample time of output signal
1(default) | -1 | positive scalar
Output sample time, specified as
-1 or a
positive scalar that represents the time between each sample of the output signal. If
Sample time is set to
-1, the sample time is
inherited from downstream. For information on the relationship between Sample
time and Samples per frame, see
Samples per frame— Samples per frame of output signal
1(default) | positive scalar
Samples per frame in one channel of the output signal, specified as a positive integer. For information on the relationship between Sample time and Samples per frame, see Sample Timing.
Output data type— Data type of output signal
Select the data type for the output signal.
Simulate using— Type of simulation to run
Code generation(default) |
Type of simulation to run, specified as
Code generation or
Code generation –– Simulate the model by using
generated C code. The first time you run a simulation, Simulink® generates C code for the block. The C code is reused for
subsequent simulations unless the model changes. This option requires
additional startup time, but the speed of the subsequent simulations is
Interpreted execution –– Simulate the model by
using the MATLAB® interpreter. This option requires less startup time than the
Code generation method, but the speed of
subsequent simulations is slower. In this mode, you can debug the source
code of the block.
The time between output updates is equal to the product of Samples per frame and Sample time. For example, if Sample time and Samples per frame equal one, the block outputs a sample every second. If Samples per frame is increased to 10, then a 10-by-1 vector is output every 10 seconds. This ensures that the equivalent output rate is not dependent on the Samples per frame parameter.
Behavior changed in R2020a
Starting in R2020a, Bernoulli Binary Generator block allows you to use the Upgrade Advisor. You can update to the block version announced in R2015b or keep the block version available before R2015b.
Use the Upgrade Advisor to update existing models that include the Bernoulli Binary Generator block.
Behavior of the random number generator is changed. The statistics are improved. For more information, see Source blocks output frames of contiguous time samples but do not use the frame attribute in the R2015b Release Notes.