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Example: Generate Standalone C Code That Detects and Reports Run-Time Errors

This example shows how to generate C libraries or executables that detect and report run-time errors such as out-of-bounds array indexing. If the generated C code detects an error, it reports a message and terminates the program. This allows you to detect and fix errors that occur only on the target hardware.

Write the function getelement that indexes into one structure field using the value of the other structure field.

function y = getelement(S) %#codegen
y = S.A(S.u);

Create a code configuration object for a standalone library or executable. For example, create a code configuration object for a static library. Enable the code generation report.

cfg = coder.config('lib');
cfg.GenerateReport = true;

Enable generation of run-time error detection and reporting.

cfg.RuntimeChecks = true;

Define an example input that you can use to specify the properties of the input argument.

S.A = ones(2,2);
S.u = 1;

Generate code.

codegen -config cfg getelement -args {S}

To open the code generation report, click the View report link.

In the list of generated files, click getelement.c.

You can see the code that checks for an error and calls a function to report the error. For example, if the code detects an out-of-bounds array indexing error, it calls rtDynamicBoundsError to report the error and terminate the program.

/* Include files */
#include "getelement.h"
#include "getelement_rtwutil.h"
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* Variable Definitions */
static rtBoundsCheckInfo emlrtBCI = { 1,/* iFirst */
  4,                                   /* iLast */
  2,                                   /* lineNo */
  5,                                   /* colNo */
  "S.A",                               /* aName */
  "getelement",                        /* fName */
  "C:\\Users\\username\\Documents\\MATLAB\\runtime-error-ex\\getelement.m",/* pName */
  0                                    /* checkKind */

static rtDoubleCheckInfo emlrtDCI = { 2,/* lineNo */
  5,                                   /* colNo */
  "getelement",                        /* fName */
  "C:\\Users\\username\\Documents\\MATLAB\\runtime-error-ex\\getelement.m",/* pName */
  1                                    /* checkKind */

/* Function Definitions */
double getelement(const struct0_T *S)
  int i;
  if (S->u != (int)floor(S->u)) {
    rtIntegerError(S->u, &emlrtDCI);

  i = (int)S->u;
  if ((i < 1) || (i > 4)) {
    rtDynamicBoundsError(i, 1, 4, &emlrtBCI);

  return S->A[i - 1];

The error reporting software uses fprintf to write error messages to stderr. It uses abort to terminate the application. If fprintf and abort are not available, you must provide them. The abort function abruptly terminates the program. If your system supports signals, you can catch the abort signal (SIGABRT) so that you can control the program termination.

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