image thumbnail

SLF4M

version 1.3.1 (1.7 MB) by Andrew Janke
A simple logging framework for Matlab, built on top of SLF4J and Log4j

18 Downloads

Updated 16 Jun 2022

From GitHub

View license on GitHub

SLF4M

View SLF4M on File Exchange

SLF4M is a simple but flexible logging framework for Matlab, built on top of SLF4J and Apache Log4j. You can use it to do runtime-configurable logging from your Matlab scripts and programs. This can be more informative and more manageable than commenting in and out fprintf() statements.

WARNING: SLF4M does not work with Matlab R2021b or later! A change in R2021b's bundled Java libraries broke SLF4M. Please see the "Requirements" section below.

SLF4M provides:

  • Logging functions (a Matlab layer of bindings for SLF4J).
  • A "Dispstr" API for customizing object display.
  • A Log4j configuration GUI.

The API is simple enough that you can get up and running with it quickly, or even use it casually in scripts, but it’s flexible and powerful enough to be useful for larger systems.

(The dispstr part is optional; you don't have to learn it in order to use SLF4M logging.)

SLF4M screenshot showing log output and configuration GUI

Usage

To install, unzip the distribution somewhere, and add its Mcode/ directory to your Matlab path.

The logging functions are in the +logger package. Call them from within your Matlab code to emit log messages. In order of descending severity of logging level, they are:

  • logger.error()
  • logger.warn()
  • logger.info()
  • logger.debug()
  • logger.trace()

The logging functions take sprintf()-style formatting arguments. You can also pass an MException as the first argument to include the error message and stack trace in the log message.

function helloWorld(x)

if nargin < 1 || isempty(x)
    x = 123.456;
    % These debug() calls will only show up if you set log level to DEBUG
    logger.debug('Got empty x input; defaulted to %f', x);
end
z = x + 42;

logger.info('Answer z=%f', z);
if z > intmax('int32')
    logger.warn('Large value z=%f will overflow int32', z);
end

try
    some_bad_operation(x);
catch err
    logger.error(err, 'Something went wrong in some_bad_operation(x=%f)', x);
end

end

The output looks like this:

>> helloWorld
16:53:18.279 INFO helloWorld() - Answer z=165.456000
16:53:18.291 ERROR helloWorld() - Something went wrong in some_bad_operation(123.456000)
Undefined function 'some_bad_operation' for input arguments of type 'double'.
Error in helloWorld (line 16)
    some_bad_operation(x);

Thanks to dispstr(), you can also pass Matlab objects to the %s conversions.

>> m = containers.Map;
>> m('foo') = 42; m('bar') = struct;
>> logger.info('Hello, world! %s', m)
09:52:29.809 INFO  base - Hello, world! 2-by-1 containers.Map

If you want to customize how logging is displayed and where it goes, call logger.Log4jConfigurator.configureBasicConsoleLogging() at the beginning of your program to set up basic logging. If you want your logs to be saved to a file somewhere, call Matlab's diary function.

To launch an interactive configuration GUI, run logger.Log4jConfigurator.showGui. This GUI lets you see and set the logging levels and other attributes of the various loggers in your Matlab session.

For more details, see the User's Guide.

Requirements

A kind of recent version of Matlab, but older than R2021b. SLF4M was developed and tested on Matlab R2016b, R2017b, and R2019b, but it will probably work on some older and newer Matlab versions too.

WARNING: SLF4M does not work with Matlab R2021b or later! R2021b changed the versions of Log4j and SLF4J it ships with, and is using an unusual SLF4J/Log4j binding arrangement. This breaks SLF4M. As of 2022-04, I'm working on fixing it; see Issue #7 or MathWorks Tech Support Case #05490191. I'm afraid it's nontrivial.

If you're using a Matlab older than R2016b and would like SLF4M to work on it but are having problems, feel free to submit a bug report! I'm happy to work on supporting older Matlabs if I know there are actual users out there.

Implementation

SLF4M is a thin layer built on top of SLF4J and Log4j. It is compatible with any other Java or Matlab code that uses SLF4J or Log4j.

Log4j was chosen as the back-end because that’s what ships with Matlab.

License

SLF4M is dual licensed under the business-friendly Apache 2.0 and BSD 2-clause licenses. Pick whichever you like.

Author

SLF4M is developed by Andrew Janke. View its home page or get the code from the repo on GitHub.

Cite As

Andrew Janke (2022). SLF4M (https://github.com/janklab/SLF4M/releases/tag/v1.3.1), GitHub. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2016b
Compatible with R2016b to R2021a
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux
Tags Add Tags

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Mcode/+logger

Mcode/+logger/+internal

Mcode/+logger/+internal/private

Mcode/+logger/private

dev-tools

dev-tools/+database/+jdbc/@connection

dev-tools/+pkg

dev-tools/+pkg/+a/+deeply/+nested/+package

lib/matlab/dispstr/dispstr-1.1.1/Mcode

lib/matlab/dispstr/dispstr-1.1.1/Mcode-examples

lib/matlab/dispstr/dispstr-1.1.1/Mcode/+dispstrlib

lib/matlab/dispstr/dispstr-1.1.1/Mcode/+dispstrlib/+internal

lib/matlab/dispstr/dispstr-1.1.1/Mcode/private

To view or report issues in this GitHub add-on, visit the GitHub Repository.
To view or report issues in this GitHub add-on, visit the GitHub Repository.