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equation with 90 degree bend

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Emil on 28 Aug 2015
Edited: John D'Errico on 11 Sep 2015
Using fitype in curve fitting toolbox I would like to fit a dataset of a known shape to scattered data. The shape is that of a linear line of slope 1 with a 90 degree bend resulting in a slope -1. For the life of me I can't write a proper equation to do the job. Can someone help?
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Ian Burelle
Ian Burelle on 11 Sep 2015
I don't think there is a continuous smooth equation for that. It would have to be piecewise.

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Accepted Answer

John D'Errico
John D'Errico on 11 Sep 2015
Edited: John D'Errico on 11 Sep 2015
What equation has a slope of +1, followed by a slope of -1, is continuous, etc? In its most general form, this will suffice.
f(x) = a + abs(x-b)
a is a vertical offset, b the location of the break (transition) point in the slope. Be slightly careful in your choice of b, as if it was outside the range of the data, the optimization will have problems.
Also, be careful in that you cannot add another coefficient in front of the absolute value, as that would blow away the required slopes.
And finally, of course the functional form I have written is not differentiable. But it is continuous, and has the exact properties requested.

More Answers (1)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 29 Aug 2015
Edited: Walter Roberson on 29 Aug 2015
What is an "equation" for this purpose? The derivative is clearly not continuous so you cannot write in terms of linear functions or exponential or trig.
If equation allows Heaviside you could use that to code the piecewise contributions.
Are you aware that fittype() does not require an equation? You can pass it an anonymous function
And really what that means is that you can pass a function handle. Including a handle to a real function that uses logical indexing to determine which case applies for each input value.

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