Generate C or C++ Code from Stateflow Blocks
To generate C or C++ code from Simulink® models that include a Stateflow® chart, you must use Simulink Coder™. In addition to Simulink Coder, you may use Embedded Coder® to further enhance the generated code. Embedded Coder enhancements make your code more readable, more compact, and faster to execute.
When you generate code for a target, the Stateflow parser evaluates the graphical and nongraphical objects and data in each Stateflow machine against the supported chart notation and the action language syntax. For more information, see Detect Common Modeling Errors During Simulation.
Generate Code by Using Simulink Coder
Simulink Coder allows you to generate C and C++ code from models that contain Stateflow charts. You can then use the generated code for real-time and non-real-time applications, including:
Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) testing
Using Simulink Coder also allows you access to Classic Accelerator and Rapid Accelerator modes. Accelerator modes work by generating target code, which is then used for execution. For more information about these modes, see How Acceleration Modes Work (Simulink).
HIL testing allows you to test your controller design and determine if your physical system (plant) model is valid. For more information about HIL testing, see Basics of Hardware-In-The-Loop simulation (Simscape).
To get started setting up a model for code generation with Simulink Coder, see Configure Model and Generate Code (Simulink Coder).
Generate Code by Using Embedded Coder
With the addition of Embedded Coder you can generate C or C++ code that is more compact, easier to read, and faster to run. Embedded Coder additionally extends the abilities of Simulink Coder by allowing you control over generated functions, files, and data. Further, Embedded Coder enables easy integration for legacy code, data types, and calibration parameters. Embedded Coder supports software standards for:
Embedded Coder also provides support packages with advanced optimizations and device drivers for specific hardware.
To get started setting up a model for code generation with Embedded Coder, see Generate Code by Using the Quick Start Tool (Embedded Coder).
Design Tips for Optimizing Generated Code for Stateflow Objects
Do Not Access Machine-Parented Data
This restriction prevents long parameter lists from appearing in the code generated for a graphical function. You can access local data that resides in the same chart as the graphical function. For more information, see Reuse Logic Patterns by Defining Graphical Functions.
Additionally, Embedded Coder does not support the use of code replacement libraries for machine-parented data. For more information, see Code You Can Replace From Simulink Models (Embedded Coder).
Be Explicit About the Inline Option of a Graphical Function
When you use a graphical function in a Stateflow chart, select
Function for the property Function
Inline Option. Otherwise, the code generated for a graphical
function may not appear as you want. For more information, see Specify Properties of Graphical Functions.
Avoid Using Multiple Edge-Triggered Events in Stateflow Charts
If you use more than one trigger, you generate multiple code statements to handle rising or falling edge detections. If multiple triggers are required, use function-call events instead. For more information, see Activate a Stateflow Chart by Sending Input Events.
Combine Input Signals of a Chart Into a Single Bus Object
When you use a bus object, you reduce the number of parameters in the parameter list of a generated function. This guideline also applies to output signals of a chart. For more information, see Define Stateflow Structures.
Use Discrete Sample Times
The code generated for discrete charts that are not inside a triggered or enabled subsystem uses integer counters to track time instead of Simulink provided time. The generated code uses less memory, and enables code for use in Software-in-the-Loop (SIL) and Processor-in-the-Loop (PIL) simulation modes.
Generate Code for Rapid Prototyping and Production Deployment
This table directs you to information about code generation based on your goals.
Simulink Coder Documentation
Embedded Coder Documentation
Generate C/C++ source code
Code Generation Basics (Simulink Coder)
Source Code Generation (Embedded Coder)
Generate C/C++ source code and build executable
Build Process (Simulink Coder)
Generated Code Compilation (Embedded Coder)
Integrate external code
External Code Integration (Simulink Coder)
External Code Import (Embedded Coder)
Include external code only for library charts in a portable, self-contained library for use in multiple models
Integrate External Code for Library Charts (Simulink Coder)
Integrate External Code for Library Charts (Embedded Coder)
Optimize generated code
Performance (Simulink Coder)
Memory Usage (Embedded Coder)
Traceability of Stateflow Objects in Generated Code
Traceability comments provide a way to:
Verify generated code. You can identify which Stateflow object corresponds to a line of code and track code from different objects that you have or have not reviewed.
Include comments in code generated for large-scale models. You can identify objects in generated code and avoid manually entering comments or descriptions.
To enable traceability comments, you must have Embedded Coder or HDL Coder™ software. For C/C++ code generation, comments appear in the generated
code for embedded real-time (
ert) based targets only. For more
information, see Trace Stateflow Elements in Generated Code (Embedded Coder) and Navigate Between Simulink Model and HDL Code by Using Traceability (HDL Coder).