# Controlled Moisture Source (MA)

Inject or extract moisture at a time-varying rate

**Libraries:**

Simscape /
Foundation Library /
Moist Air /
Sources /
Moisture & Trace Gas Sources

## Description

The Controlled Moisture Source (MA) block represents a
time-varying source or sink of moisture for the connected moist air volume. Two physical
signal input ports, **M** and **T**, supply the mass
flow rate and temperature values, respectively. A positive or negative moisture mass
flow rate results in moisture being added or removed, respectively.

You can add moisture as water vapor or liquid water. For water vapor, the energy associated with the added or removed moisture is

$${\Phi}_{s}=\{\begin{array}{ll}{\dot{m}}_{specified}\cdot {h}_{w}\left({T}_{specified}\right),\hfill & \text{if}{\dot{m}}_{specified}\ge 0\hfill \\ {\dot{m}}_{specified}\cdot {h}_{w}\left({T}_{s}\right),\hfill & \text{if}{\dot{m}}_{specified}0\text{}\hfill \end{array}$$

where:

$${\dot{m}}_{specified}$$ is the water vapor mass flow rate specified by the input physical signal at port

**M**.*h*_{w}is the water vapor specific enthalpy.*T*_{specified}is the temperature of added moisture specified by the input physical signal at port**T**. The block uses this value to evaluate the specific enthalpy of the added moisture only. The specific enthalpy of removed moisture is based on the temperature of the connected moist air volume.*T*_{s}is the temperature at port**S**, which is the same as the temperature of the connected moist air volume.

For liquid water, the energy associated with the added or removed moisture is

$${\Phi}_{s}=\{\begin{array}{ll}{\dot{m}}_{specified}\cdot \left({h}_{w}\left({T}_{specified}\right)-\Delta {h}_{vap}\left({T}_{specified}\right)\right),\hfill & \text{if}{\dot{m}}_{specified}\ge 0\hfill \\ {\dot{m}}_{specified}\cdot \left({h}_{w}\left({T}_{s}\right)-\Delta {h}_{vap}\left({T}_{s}\right)\right),\hfill & \text{if}{\dot{m}}_{specified}0\text{}\hfill \end{array}$$

where *Δh*_{vap} is the water specific enthalpy
of vaporization.

Port **S** is a moist air source conserving port. Connect this port
to port **S** of a block with finite moist air volume to add or remove
moisture through that block. For more information, see Using Moisture and Trace Gas Sources.

## Ports

### Input

### Conserving

## Parameters

## Extended Capabilities

## Version History

**Introduced in R2018a**