Implement MOSFET model
Simscape / Electrical / Specialized Power Systems / Power Electronics
The metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) is a semiconductor device controllable by the gate signal (g > 0). The MOSFET device is connected in parallel with an internal diode that turns on when the MOSFET device is reverse biased (Vds < 0) and no gate signal is applied (g=0). The model is simulated by an ideal switch controlled by a logical signal (g > 0 or g =0), with a diode connected in parallel.
The MOSFET device turns on when a positive signal is applied at the gate input (g > 0) whether the drain-source voltage is positive or negative. If no signal is applied at the gate input (g=0), only the internal diode conducts when voltage exceeds its forward voltage Vf.
With a positive or negative current flowing through the device, the MOSFET turns off when the gate input becomes 0. If the current I is negative and flowing in the internal diode (no gate signal or g = 0), the switch turns off when the current I becomes 0.
The on state voltage Vds varies:
Vds = Ron*I when a positive signal is applied at the gate input.
Vds = Rd*I-Vf +Lon*dI/dt when the antiparallel diode is conducting (no gate signal).
The Lon diode inductance is available only with the continuous model. For most applications, Lon should be set to zero for both continuous and discrete models.
The MOSFET block also contains a series Rs-Cs snubber circuit that can be connected in parallel with the MOSFET (between nodes d and s).
Assumptions and Limitations
The MOSFET block implements a macro model of the real MOSFET device. It does not take into account either the geometry of the device or the complex physical processes .
Depending on the value of the inductance Lon, the MOSFET is modeled either as a current source (Lon > 0) or as a variable topology circuit (Lon = 0). The MOSFET block cannot be connected in series with an inductor, a current source, or an open circuit, unless its snubber circuit is in use.
The inductance Lon is forced to 0 if you choose to discretize your circuit.
g — Control signal
Simulink signal to control the opening and closing of the MOSFET.
m — Measurement vector
Simulink output of the block is a vector containing 2 signals. You can demultiplex these signals by using the Bus Selector block provided in the Simulink library.
D — Drain
Specialized electrical conserving port associated with the drain.
S — Source
Specialized electrical conserving port associated with the source.
FET resistance Ron (Ohms) — Internal resistance
The internal resistance Ron, in ohms (Ω). Default is
Resistance Ron parameter cannot be set to
0 when the
Inductance Lon parameter is set to
Internal diode inductance Lon (H) — Internal inductance
The internal inductance Lon, in henries (H). Default is
Inductance Lon parameter is normally set to
when the Resistance Ron parameter is set to
Internal diode resistance Rd (Ohms) — Internal resistance of internal diode
The internal resistance of the internal diode, in ohms (Ω). Default is
Internal diode forward voltage Vf (V) — Forward voltage of internal diode
The forward voltage of the internal diode, in volts (V). Default is
Initial current Ic (A) — MOSFET initial current
You can specify an initial current flowing in the MOSFET device. It is usually set to
0 in order to start the simulation with the device blocked. Default is
If the Initial current IC parameter is set to a value
0, the steady-state calculation considers the initial status
of the MOSFET as closed. Initializing all states of a power electronic converter is a complex
task. Therefore, this option is useful only with simple circuits.
Snubber resistance Rs (Ohms) — Snubber resistance
The snubber resistance, in ohms (Ω). Default is
1e5. Set the
Snubber resistance Rs parameter to
to eliminate the snubber from the model.
Snubber capacitance Cs (F) — Snubber capacitance
The snubber capacitance, in farads (F). Default is
inf . Set the
Snubber capacitance Cs parameter to
eliminate the snubber, or to
inf to get a resistive snubber.
Show measurement port — Measurement port visibility
on (default) |
If selected, add a Simulink output to the block returning the MOSFET current and voltage. Default is selected.
 Mohan, N., T.M. Undeland, and W.P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converters, Applications, and Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1995.