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The Raspberry Pi Serial Port

The Raspberry Pi® serial port provides low speed +3.3V TTL RS-232 data communication with a wide variety of devices, such as sensors, displays, ADCs, and DACs. The serial port UART connects to two pins on the GPIO header:

  • GPIO 14 (UART0_TXD) transmits data to the RxD pin on the peripheral device.

  • GPIO 15 (UART0_RXD) receives data from the TxD pin on the peripheral device.

By default, the serial console in the customized version of Raspbian Linux® on your Raspberry Pi hardware is disabled. To use the serialdev, the serial console must be disabled.

For more information, see:

Do not connect the Raspberry Pi serial port to 12V RS-232 serial ports, which are found on many older computers.