Improve Graphics Performance
When you create data visualizations using MATLAB® graphics functions, you can use certain techniques in your code to increase performance. This topic covers some of these techniques, including strategies to speed up long-running animations, to quickly update plot data, and to create visualizations that respond smoothly to user input. Use any techniques that are helpful for the type of graphics that you create.
Improve Graphics Update Speed
When you update an existing plot or other graphics object, you can improve the performance of your code by updating only the data that changes, instead of recreating all of the data from scratch.
For example, this code updates an axes object that contains both a surface plot and a
single marker. At each stage of the update, only the marker changes position. All of the
data associated with the surface plot and many of the marker properties remain the same
at each step. Rather than updating all the data by calling the
plot3 functions multiple times, update only the properties that
control the position of the marker object.
[sx,sy,sz] = peaks(500); nframes = 490; surf(sx,sy,sz,"EdgeColor","none") hold on m = plot3(sx(1,1),sy(1,1),sz(1,1),"o", ... "MarkerFaceColor","red", ... "MarkerSize",14); hold off for t = 1:nframes m.XData = sx(t+10,t); m.YData = sy(t,t+10); m.ZData = sz(t+10,t+10)+0.5; drawnow end
Identify Bottlenecks in Your Code
Use the Profiler to identify the functions that contribute the most time to the execution of your code. You can then evaluate those functions for possible performance improvements.
For example, create a scatter plot of 10-by-500 element arrays using the
function myPlot x = rand(10,500); y = rand(10,500); scatter(x,y,"blue"); end
Use the Profiler to time the execution of the
myPlot function. The
code takes about 2.7 seconds to execute.
profile on myPlot profile viewer
Because the x and y arrays contain 500 columns of data, the
scatter function creates 500
In this case, you can plot the same data by creating one object with 5000 data points
function myPlot x = rand(10,500); y = rand(10,500); scatter(x(:),y(:),"blue"); end
Profile this updated code. The function now takes less than 0.3 second to execute.
profile on myPlot profile viewer
To learn more about using the Profiler, see Profile Your Code to Improve Performance.
Improve Performance of Long-Running Animations
To improve the performance of long-running animations, consider using
drawnow limitrate instead of
drawnow to display
updates on the screen. Both commands update the figure display, but
limitrate limits the number of updates to 20 frames per second. As a
result, animations can appear faster.
Some scenarios in which using
drawnow limitrate can improve
animation performance include:
Animations in which it is important to see the most up-to-date frame, such as plots of real-time simulation data
Animations in which the number of frames per second is large and it is not necessary to display every frame
For example, this code creates an animated line and adds 50,000 data points to the
line in a loop. Using
drawnow limitrate in the loop limits the number
of times the display is updated, which results in a faster animation than performing an
update each time through the loop.
h = animatedline; axis([0 4*pi -1 1]) x = linspace(0,4*pi,50000); for k = 1:length(x) y = sin(x(k)); addpoints(h,x(k),y); drawnow limitrate end
Provide Smooth and Responsive Axes Interactions
When you display data in an axes object, you can configure interactions with the
data, such as dragging to pan and scrolling to zoom. In general, use and configure the
built-in interactions that MATLAB provides. The built-in axes interactions are optimized to respond smoothly
to user input and can provide a more responsive experience than if you implement a
custom interactivity callback such as a
The built-in interactions depend on the contents of the axes but typically include
scrolling to zoom, dragging to pan or rotate, and hovering or clicking to display data
tips. You can enable these interactions by calling the
enableDefaultInteractivity function. In addition, you can customize the
built-in interactions for a specific chart by setting the
Interactions property of the axes object. For more information
about enabling and customizing built-in interactions, see Control Chart Interactivity.
If a fast startup time is more important for your code than enabling axes
interactions, instead consider disabling the built-in axes interactions. This action
will cause the axes object to display sooner. You can disable the built-in interactions
by calling the