DPI-Aware Behavior in MATLAB
Starting in R2015b, MATLAB® is DPI-aware, which means that it takes advantage of your full system resolution to draw graphical elements (fonts, UIs, and graphics). Graphical elements appear sharp and consistent in size on these high-DPI systems:
Windows® systems in which the display dots-per-inch (DPI) value is set higher than 96
Macintosh systems with Apple Retina® displays
DPI-aware behavior does not apply to Linux® systems.
Previously, MATLAB allowed some operating systems to scale graphical elements. That scaling helped to maintain consistent appearance and functionality, but it also introduced undesirable effects. Graphical elements often looked blurry, and the size of those elements was sometimes inconsistent.
Here are the visual effects you might notice on high-DPI systems:
The MATLAB desktop, graphics, fonts, and most UI components look sharp and render with full graphical detail on Macintosh and Windows systems.
When you create a graphics or UI object, and specify the
'pixels', the size of that object is now consistent with the size of other objects. For example, the size of a push button (specified in pixels) is now consistent with the size of the text on that push button (specified in points).
Elements in the MATLAB Toolstrip look sharper than in previous releases. However, icons in the Toolstrip might still look slightly blurry on some systems.
On Windows systems, the MATLAB Toolstrip might appear larger than in previous releases.
On Windows systems, the size of the Command Window fonts and Editor fonts might be larger than in previous releases. In particular, you might see a difference if you have nondefault font sizes selected in MATLAB preferences. You might need to adjust those font sizes to make them look smaller.
You might see differences on multiple-display systems that include a combination of different displays (for example, some, but not all of the displays are high-DPI). Graphical elements might look different across displays on those systems.
Using Object Properties
These changes to object properties minimize the impact on your existing code and allow MATLAB to use the full display resolution when rendering graphical elements. All UIs you create in MATLAB are automatically DPI-aware applications.
When you set the
Units property of a graphics
or UI object to
'pixels', the size of each pixel
is now device-independent on Windows and Macintosh systems:
On Windows systems, 1 pixel = 1/96 inch.
On Macintosh systems, 1 pixel = 1/72 inch.
On Linux systems, the size of a pixel is determined by the display DPI.
Your existing graphics and UI code will continue to function properly with the new pixel size. Keep in mind that specifying (or querying) the size and location of an object in pixels might not correspond to the actual pixels on your screen.
For example, each screen pixel on a 192-DPI Windows system
is 1/192nd of an inch. In this case, twice as many screen pixels cover
the same linear distance as the device-independent pixels do. If you
create a figure, and specify its size to be 500-by-400 pixels, MATLAB reports
the size to be 500-by-400 in the
However, the display uses 1000-by-800 screen pixels to cover the same
Starting in R2015b, MATLAB might report the size and location
of objects as fractional values (in pixel units) more frequently than
in previous releases. For example, your code might report fractional
values in the
Position property of a figure,
whereas previous releases reported whole numbers for that same figure.
Root ScreenSize Property
ScreenSize property of the root object
might not match the display size reported by high-DPI Windows systems.
Specifically, the values do not match when the
of the root object is set to
'pixels'. MATLAB reports
the value of the
ScreenSize property based on device-independent
pixels, not the size of the actual pixels on the screen.
Root ScreenPixelsPerInch Property
ScreenPixelsPerInch property became a
read-only property in R2015b. If you want to change the size of text
and other elements on the screen, adjust your operating system settings.
Also, you cannot set or query the default value of the
These commands now return an error:
Using print, getframe, and publish Functions
getframe and print Functions
When using the
-r0 option) on a high-DPI system, the size
of the image data array that MATLAB returns is larger than in
previous releases. Additionally, the number of elements in the array
might not match the figure size in pixel units. MATLAB reports
the figure size based on device-independent pixels. However, the size
of the array is based on the display DPI.
When publishing documents on a high-DPI system, the images saved to disk are larger than in previous releases or on other systems.