trainoss
Onestep secant backpropagation
Syntax
net.trainFcn = 'trainoss'
[net,tr] = train(net,...)
Description
trainoss
is a network training function that updates weight and bias
values according to the onestep secant method.
net.trainFcn = 'trainoss'
sets the network trainFcn
property.
[net,tr] = train(net,...)
trains the network with
trainoss
.
Training occurs according to trainoss
training parameters, shown here
with their default values:
net.trainParam.epochs  1000  Maximum number of epochs to train 
net.trainParam.goal  0  Performance goal 
net.trainParam.max_fail  6  Maximum validation failures 
net.trainParam.min_grad  1e10  Minimum performance gradient 
net.trainParam.searchFcn  'srchbac'  Name of line search routine to use 
net.trainParam.show  25  Epochs between displays ( 
net.trainParam.showCommandLine  false  Generate commandline output 
net.trainParam.showWindow  true  Show training GUI 
net.trainParam.time  inf  Maximum time to train in seconds 
Parameters related to line search methods (not all used for all methods):
net.trainParam.scal_tol  20  Divide into 
net.trainParam.alpha  0.001  Scale factor that determines sufficient reduction in

net.trainParam.beta  0.1  Scale factor that determines sufficiently large step size 
net.trainParam.delta  0.01  Initial step size in interval location step 
net.trainParam.gama  0.1  Parameter to avoid small reductions in performance, usually set to

net.trainParam.low_lim  0.1  Lower limit on change in step size 
net.trainParam.up_lim  0.5  Upper limit on change in step size 
net.trainParam.maxstep  100  Maximum step length 
net.trainParam.minstep  1.0e6  Minimum step length 
net.trainParam.bmax  26  Maximum step size 
Network Use
You can create a standard network that uses trainoss
with
feedforwardnet
or cascadeforwardnet
. To prepare a custom
network to be trained with trainoss
:
Set
net.trainFcn
to'trainoss'
. This setsnet.trainParam
totrainoss
’s default parameters.Set
net.trainParam
properties to desired values.
In either case, calling train
with the resulting network trains the
network with trainoss
.
Examples
More About
Algorithms
trainoss
can train any network as long as its weight, net input, and
transfer functions have derivative functions.
Backpropagation is used to calculate derivatives of performance perf
with respect to the weight and bias variables X
. Each variable is adjusted
according to the following:
X = X + a*dX;
where dX
is the search direction. The parameter a
is
selected to minimize the performance along the search direction. The line search function
searchFcn
is used to locate the minimum point. The first search direction is
the negative of the gradient of performance. In succeeding iterations the search direction is
computed from the new gradient and the previous steps and gradients, according to the following
formula:
dX = gX + Ac*X_step + Bc*dgX;
where gX
is the gradient, X_step
is the change in the
weights on the previous iteration, and dgX
is the change in the gradient from
the last iteration. See Battiti (Neural Computation, Vol. 4, 1992, pp.
141–166) for a more detailed discussion of the onestep secant algorithm.
Training stops when any of these conditions occurs:
The maximum number of
epochs
(repetitions) is reached.The maximum amount of
time
is exceeded.Performance is minimized to the
goal
.The performance gradient falls below
min_grad
.Validation performance (validation error) has increased more than
max_fail
times since the last time it decreased (when using validation).
References
Battiti, R., “First and second order methods for learning: Between steepest descent and Newton’s method,” Neural Computation, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1992, pp. 141–166